The effect of the crossability loci Kr1 and Kr2 on fertilization frequency in hexaploid wheat x maize crosses
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Dominant alleles of the Kr1 and Kr2 genes reduce the crossability of hexaploid wheat with many alien species, including rye and Hordeum bulbosum, with Kr1 having the greater effect. However, a cytological study of wheat ovaries fixed 48 h after pollination showed that the wheat genotypes ‘Highbury’ (kr1, Kr2) and ‘Chinese Spring (Hope 5B)’ (kr1, kr2) were crossable with ‘Seneca 60’ maize, fertilization occurring in 14.4 and 30.7% of embryo sacs respectively. The latter figure was similar to the 29.7% fertilization found in ‘Chinese Spring’ (kr1, kr2). Most embryo sacs in which fertilization occurred contained an embryo but lacked an endosperm and where an endosperm was formed it was usually highly aberrant. All three wheat x maize combinations were karyotypically unstable and rapidly eliminated maize chromosomes to produce haploid wheat embryos.
Key wordsWheat Maize Crossability genes Chromosome elimination Haploids
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