Theoretical and Applied Genetics

, Volume 72, Issue 1, pp 3–10 | Cite as

Genotypic variability for callus formation and plant regeneration in rice (Oryza sativa L.)

  • T. Abe
  • Y. Futsuhara


Sixty rice varieties (Oryza sativa L.), belonging to three subspecies, japonica, indica and javanica (some japonicaXindica hybrids were included), were compared for their capacity for callus growth and plant regeneration. Tissue cultures initiated from mature seeds on Murashige and Skoog's (1962) medium with 2 mg/l 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) were transferred to a medium containing 0.02 mg/l 2,4-D and 10 mg/l kinetin, from which plantlets were regenerated. Large variabilities in callus growth and plant regeneration potentials were revealed among the varieties tested. Most japonica varieties formed a callus that weighed more than 100 mg per seed 30 days after inoculation, and showed a relatively high regenerative potential, whereas indica varieties, japonica-indica hybrids and javanica varieties showed poor callus growth and plant regeneration, although considerable varietal variation was observed in each subspecies. The callus growth potential was not correlated with the plant regeneration potential. Histological observations revealed that the epithelium cells of the scutellum mainly proliferated to form a callus, from which shoot and root primordia were differentiated independently from each other. The shoot primordia developed into plantlets when roots were formed adventitiously. In a few cases, shoots and roots were bilaterally initiated from a single primordium.

Key words

Oryza sativa L. Callus growth Genotypic variability Organogenesis Plant regeneration 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Abe
    • 1
  • Y. Futsuhara
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Theory of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Faculty of AgricultureNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan

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