Theoretical and Applied Genetics

, Volume 77, Issue 5, pp 689–700 | Cite as

The characterization and comparative analysis of high-molecular-weight glutenin genes from genomes A and B of a hexaploid bread wheat

  • O. D. Anderson
  • F. C. Greene


Two high-molecular-weight subunit (HMWS) glutenin genes from the A and B genomes of the hexaploid bread wheat Triticum aestivum L. cv Cheyenne have been isolated and sequenced. Both of these genes are of the high Mr class (x-type) of HMW glutenins, and have not been previously reported. The entire set of six HMW genes from cultivar Cheyenne have now been isolated and characterized. An analysis of the Ax and Bx sequences shows that the Ax sequence is similar to the homoeologous gene from the D genome, while the Bx repeat structure is significantly different. The repetitive region of these proteins can be modelled as a series of interspersed copies of repeat modifs of 6, 9, and 15 amino acid residues. The evolution of these genes includes single-base substitutions over the entire coding region, plus insertion/deletions of single or blocks of repeats in the central repetitive domain.

Key words

Triticum Homoeoalleles Evolution Dough Gene library 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. D. Anderson
    • 1
  • F. C. Greene
    • 1
  1. 1.USDA, ARS, Western Regional Research CenterAlbanyUSA

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