d-2-hydroxyisocaproate dehydrogenase from Lactobacillus casei
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The new enzyme d-2-hydroxyisocaproate dehydrogenase (NAD+-dependent) was detected in strains of the genus Lactobacillus and related genera. Straight and branched chain aliphatic as well as aromatic 2-ketocarboxylic acids are stereospecifically reduced to the corresponding d-2-hydroxycarboxylic acids according to the following equation:R-CO-COOH + NADH + H+ ⇌ R-CHOH-COOH + NAD+
The enzyme is called d-hydroxyisocaproate dehydrogenase by us because 2-ketoisocaproate is the substrate with the lowest KM-value. NAD(H) as a cofactor cannot be replaced by NADP(H). Because of its broad substrate specificity we chose the strain Lactobacillus casei ssp. pseudoplantarum (DSM 20 008) for enzyme production and characterization. d-2-hydroxyisocaproate dehydrogenase could be purified 180-fold starting with 500 g of wet cells.
The purification procedure involved liquid-liquid extraction with aqueous two-phase systems and ion-exchange chromatography. At this stage the enzyme has a specific activity of 25 U/mg and can be used for technical applications. Further purification up to a homogeneous protein with a specific activity of 110 U/mg can be achieved by chromatography on Amberlite CG 50 at pH 3.5. Properties important for technical application of the d-HicDH were investigated, especially the substrate specificity and the optimum pH- and temperature ranges for activity and stability of the catalist.
KeywordsEnzyme NADH Lactobacillus Substrate Specificity Enzyme Production
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