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Archives of Microbiology

, Volume 157, Issue 5, pp 411–416 | Cite as

Characterization of urease from Sporosarcina ureae

  • Deborah D. McCoy
  • Aysegul Cetin
  • Robert P. Hausinger
Original Papers

Abstract

Alkaline stable (pH 7.75–12.5) urease from Sporosarcina ureae was purified over 400-fold by ion exchange and hydrophobic interaction chromatography. The cytoplasmic enzyme was remarkably active with a specific activity of greater than 9300 μmol urea degraded min-1 mg protein-1 at pH 7.5, where it has optimal activity. Although S. ureae is closely related to Bacillus pasteurii, known to posses a homopolymeric urease containing 1 nickel per subunit [Mr=65000], the S. ureae enzyme is comprised of three subunits [apparent Mr=63100 (α), 14500 (β), and 8500 (γ)] in an estimated ∝βγ stoichiometry and contains 2.1±0.6 nickel ions per ∝βγ unit as measured by atomic absorption spectrometry. Stationary phase cultures sometimes possessed low levels of urease activity, but the specific activity of cell extracts of partially purified urease preparations from such cultures could be elevated by heat treatment, dilution, or dialysis to values comparable to those observed in samples from exponentially grown cells.

Key words

Urease Sporosarcina ureae Nickel Alkaline stable Enzyme activation 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Deborah D. McCoy
    • 1
    • 2
  • Aysegul Cetin
    • 1
    • 2
  • Robert P. Hausinger
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  2. 2.Department of BiochemistryMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

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