Oxidative stress responses and shock proteins in the unicellular cyanobacterium Synechococcus R2 (PCC-7942)
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Oxidative stress responses were tested in the unicellular cyanobacterium Synechococcus PCC 7942 (R2). Cells were exposed to hydrogen peroxide, cumene hydroperoxide and high light intensities. Activities of ascorbate peroxidase and catalase were correlated with the extent and time-course of oxidative stresses. Ascorbate peroxidase was found to be the major enzyme involved in the removal of hydrogen peroxide under the tested oxidative stresses. Catalase activity was inhibited in cells treated with high H2O2 concentrations, and was not induced under photo-oxidative stress. Regeneration of ascorbate in peroxide-treated cells was found to involve mainly monodehydroascorbate reductase and to a lesser extent dehydroascorbate reductase. The induction of the antioxidative enzymes was dependent on light and was inhibited by chloramphenicol. Peroxide treatment was found to induce the synthesis of eight proteins, four of which were also induced by heat shock.
Key wordsAscorbate peroxidase Catalase Ascorbate Glutathione Peroxide shock proteins Heat shock proteins Synechococcus
- ASC Per
- DHA red.
- MDA red.
- GSSG red.
heat shock proteins
peroxide shock proteins
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