Neural correlates of motion after-effects in cat striate cortical neurones: interocular transfer
Interocular transfer of motion after-effects was assessed in the lightly-anaesthetized feline striate cortex. Neurones were adapted with squarewave gratings of optimal orientation and spatial frequency, or with randomly textured fields, drifting continuously at optimal velocity in their preferred or null directions. Neural after-effects were assessed as consequent changes in directional bias, using similar test patterns swept back-and-forth in the same directions and presented to the same or opposite eyes. All results were compared with controls, embodying similar tests following a period of exposure to a uniform background or stationary textured field. The majority of binocularly-driven complex and simple cells tested evinced positive interocular transfer of after-effects. After-effects, whether elicited monocularly or interocularly, were direction-specific. With gratings, after-effects elicited interocularly were always weaker than those obtained monocularly. After-effects evoked monocularly by texture adaptation were weak in comparison to those evoked by gratings; interocular transfer in this case was negligible. In neurones strongly dominated by one eye, adaptation of the non-driving eye yielded, at best, extremely weak after-effects through the other eye. In purely monocular neurones, no transfer could be induced. These results confirm the expectation that motion after-effects arise cortically rather than precortically. The partial interocular transfer seen in binocularly-driven cortical cells suggests that these neurones represent a second-stage processing of inputs from lower-order complex (or simple) cells, themselves driven monocularly or strongly dominated by one eye.
Key wordsVision Visual cortex Interocular transfer
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