Experimental Brain Research

, Volume 99, Issue 1, pp 7–16 | Cite as

Effects of naftidrofuryl oxalate on microsphere-induced changes in acetylcholine and amino acid content of rat brain regions

  • Taku Taguchi
  • Norio Takagi
  • Keiko Miyake
  • Kouichi Tanonaka
  • Manami Okada
  • Hiroki Kajihara
  • Satoshi Takeo
Original Paper


Effects of naftidrofuryl oxalate (naftidrofuryl) on neurotransmitter, acetylcholine, and amino acid content of brain regions following microsphere-induced cerebral embolism were examined to elucidate its possible therapeutic effects on ischemic brain. Rats received 900 microspheres (48 μm in diameter) via the right internal carotid artery, followed by ligation of the right common carotid artery; and histological and biochemical alterations were examined on the 3rd, 5th, and 28th days after embolism. The embolism induced increases in triphenyltetrazolium chloride-(TTC)-unstained areas and decreases in acetylcholine, glutamate, aspartate, and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) contents in the cerebral cortex, striatum, and hippocampus of the right hemisphere, suggesting that microsphere embolism causes severe damage to these brain regions. Hematoxylin-eosin staining of the right cortical sections after embolism showed degeneration and necrosis of nerve cells with chromatolytic nuclei and eosinophilic cytoplasm. Changes in neurotransmitters of the left hemisphere were relatively small. Treatment with naftidrofuryl of the embolized rats with stroke-like symptoms took place from postoperative day 1 to 28. Treatment resulted in a reduction in TTC-unstained areas, less morphological damage to cerebral cortex on the 3rd and 5th days, and an appreciable restoration of acetylcholine content of three brain regions of the right hemisphere throughout the experiment, but restoration of neurotransmitter amino acids was observed to a smaller degree. The results suggest that naftidrofuryl is capable of preventing the development of ischemia-induced, sustained damage to brain regions vulnerable to oxygen deficiency, particularly by improving impaired acetylcholine metabolism.

Key words

Acetylcholine Asparte Brain ischemia Glutamate Microsphere embolism Naftidrofuryl oxalate Rat 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Taku Taguchi
    • 1
  • Norio Takagi
    • 1
  • Keiko Miyake
    • 1
  • Kouichi Tanonaka
    • 1
  • Manami Okada
    • 1
  • Hiroki Kajihara
    • 2
  • Satoshi Takeo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PharmacologyTokyo College of PharmacyTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Institute of Health Sciences, Hiroshima University School of MedicineHiroshimaJapan

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