Boundary-Layer Meteorology

, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 331–348 | Cite as

Local advection of momentum, heat, and moisture in micrometeorology

  • K. S. Rao
  • J. C. Wyngaard
  • O. R. Coté


The local advection of momentum, heat and moisture in micrometeorology due to a horizontal inhomogeneity in surface conditions is numerically investigated by a higher-order turbulence closure model which includes equations for the mean quantities, turbulent fluxes, and the viscous dissipation rate. The application of the two-dimensional model in this paper deals with the simulation of the flow from an extensive smooth dry area to a grassy wet terrain. The mean wind speed, temperature, and humidity distributions in the resulting internal boundary layer downstream of the surface discontinuity are determined such that the energy and moisture balances at the Earth's surface are satisfied.

Numerical calculations of the mean temperature and humidity profiles are compared with available observed ones. The results include the advective effects on turbulent flux distributions, surface energy balance, evaporation rate, and Bowen ratio. The sensitivity of the predicted mean profiles and turbulent flux distributions to the surface relative humidity, thermal stratification, and the roughness change is discussed.


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Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. S. Rao
    • 1
  • J. C. Wyngaard
    • 1
  • O. R. Coté
    • 1
  1. 1.Air Force Cambridge Research LaboratoriesBedfordU.S.A.

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