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Planta

, Volume 182, Issue 1, pp 142–148 | Cite as

Phenolics of mycorrhizas and non-mycorrhizal roots of Norway spruce

  • Babette Münzenberger
  • Jürgen Heilemann
  • Dieter Strack
  • Ingrid Kottke
  • Franz Oberwinkler
Article

Abstract

The occurrence and amount of soluble and insoluble phenolics in mycorrhizal and non-mycorrhizal roots of Picea abies (L.) Karst, were investigated, p-Hydroxybenzoic acid glucoside, picein, piceatannol and its glucoside, isorhapontin, catechin and ferulic acid could be identified by high-performance liquid chromatography in mycorrhizas of Picea abies-Lactarius deterrimus and Picea abies-Laccaria amethystea. Both types were collected from axenic cultures and the latter also from a spruce stand. The same phenolics occurred in non-mycorrhizal short roots from sterile cultures. However, the amounts of p-hydroxybenzoic acid glucoside, picein, catechin and cell wall-bound ferulic acid were considerably reduced in mycorrhizas from axenic culture, whereas the hydroxystilbenes piceatannol, its glucoside and worhapontin were not significantly reduced. Pure mycelia of Laccaria amethystea (Bull.) Murr, and Lactarius deterrimus Gröger were also analysed for phenolic compounds. Both fungal species contained none of the identified phenolics. The results are discussed with respect to mycorrhization in different mycorrhizal types.

Key words

Ectomycorrhiza Ferulic acid Mycorrhiza Phenolics Picea Picein 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Babette Münzenberger
    • 1
  • Jürgen Heilemann
    • 2
  • Dieter Strack
    • 2
  • Ingrid Kottke
    • 1
  • Franz Oberwinkler
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Botanik, Spezielle Botanik, Mykologie, Eberhard-Karls-Universität TübingenTübingen
  2. 2.Institut für Pharmazeutische Biologie der Technischen Universität BraunschweigBraunschweigGermany

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