Polar Biology

, Volume 11, Issue 8, pp 615–621 | Cite as

Features of gametogenesis and sexual cycles of six notothenioid fishes from East Antarctica

  • G. A. Shandikov
  • T. I. Faleeva


Some features of gametogenesis and sexual cycles of three species of the genus Trematomus (fam. Nototheniidae)-Trematomus centronotus Regan, T. eulepidotus Regan and T. scotti (Boulenger) and three species of icefishes (fam. Channichthyidae)-Chionodraco hamatus (Lönnberg), Ch. myersi Tyler and Neopagetopsis ionah Nybelin-were studied at Davis and Mawson Seas during austral autumn (March–April), 1983. Two peculiarities of the sexual cycles of Trematomus species may be noted: the uniform state of gonads of mature specimens of each species, and differences in time of spawning (austral summer and autumn for T. centronotus and T. eulepidotus, and, evidently, beginning of spring or the end of winter for T. scotti). Among the features of gametogenesis of icefishes are the early accumulation of yolk in oocytes, and the beginning of polarization and homogenization of yolk in oocytes, which are far from definitive sizes. Some differences in spawning time were registered in first maturing and repeatedly maturing specimens of Ch. hamatus. Repeatedly maturing specimens probably begin to spawn in December–January; those maturing for the first time evidently still spawn in March–April. Ch. myersi and N. ionah, judging by singular mature specimens, supposedly spawn during austral autumn.


Austral Summer Uniform State Sexual Cycle Mature Specimen Early Accumulation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Andriashev AP, Butskaya NA, Faleeva TI (1979) Sexual cycles of Antarctic fishes: Trematomus bernacchii and Pagothenia borchgrevinki (Nototheniidae) in connection with adaptation to living conditions (in Russian). Dokl Akad Nauk SSSR, Ser Biol. 248:499–502Google Scholar
  2. Beniarz K, Popek V, Szimonvicz I (1980) Gametogenesis and fecundity in Trematomus bernacchii Boulenger. J Ichthyol 20:134–139Google Scholar
  3. Bogutskaya NG (1984) Some morphological and functional peculiarities of gonads, the pituitary gland and hypothalamic nuclei of two nototheniid fishes (Nototheniidae) (in Russian). Proc Zool Inst Acad Sci USSR 127:23–31Google Scholar
  4. Butskaya NA, Faleeva TI (1983) Seasonal changes in gonads and fecundity of Antarctic nototheniid fish — Trematomus bernacchii and Pagothenia borchgrevinki (in Russian). In: Abstr II All-Union Sci Conf “Stocks of the Antarctic and problems of their rational exploitation”. AzcherNIRO, Kerch, pp 78–80Google Scholar
  5. Butskaya NA, Faleeva TI (1987) Seasonal changes in gonads and fecundity of Antarctic fishes Trematomus bernacchii Boulenger, Trematomus hansoi Boulenger and Pagothenia borchgrevinki (Boulenger) (Nototheniidae). J Ichthtyol 27:27–36Google Scholar
  6. Duhamel G, Pletikosic M (1983) Données biologiques sur les Nototheniidae des Iles Crozet. Cybium 7:43–57Google Scholar
  7. Ekau W (1988) Ökomorphologie nototheniider Fische aus dem Weddellmeer, Antarktis. Ber Polarforsch 51:1–140Google Scholar
  8. Everson I (1970) Reproduction in Notothenia neglecta Nybelin. Br Antarct Surv Bull 23:81–92Google Scholar
  9. Everson I (1977) The living resources of the Southern Ocean. FAO GLO/SO/77/1, Rome, 156 ppGoogle Scholar
  10. Faleeva TI, Gerasimchook VV (1990) On the reproductive biology of the Antarctic silverfish Pleuragramma antarcticum (Nototheniidae) (in Russian). Vopr Ikhthyol 30:416–424Google Scholar
  11. Faleeva TI, Shandikov GA (1986) Gametogenesis and reproductive cycle of Nototheniops tchizh (Balushkin) (Nototheniidae) (in Russian). Proc Zool Inst Acad Sci USSR 153:80–89Google Scholar
  12. Hureau JC (1970) Biologie comparée de quelques poissons antarctiques (Nototheniidae). Bull Inst Oceanogr Manaco 68 (1391):1–244Google Scholar
  13. Kellermann A (1986) Zur Biologie der Jugendstadien der Notothenioidei (Pisces) an der Antarktischen Halbinsel. Ber Polarforsch 31:1–155Google Scholar
  14. Kock K-H (1981) Fischereibiologische Untersuchugen an drei antarctischen Fischarten: Champsocephalus gunnari Lönnberg, 1905, Chaenocephalus aceratus (Lönnberg, 1906) und Pseudochaenichthys georgianus Norman, 1937 (Nototheioidei, Channichthyidae). Mitt Inst Seefisch Hamb 32:1–226Google Scholar
  15. Kock K-H (1989) Reproduction in fish around Elefant Island. Arch Fischereiwiss 39 (Beih 1):171–210Google Scholar
  16. Kock K-H, Kellermann A (1991) Reproduction in Antarctic noto-thenioid fish -a review. Antarct Sci 3:125–150Google Scholar
  17. Lisovenko LA (1987) Reproductive biology of antarctic fish in relation to conditions of their habitat (in Russian). In: Biological resources of Arctic and Antarctic. Nauka, Moscow, pp 337–357Google Scholar
  18. Lisovenko LA, Sil'yanova ZS (1980) The reproduction and fecundity of fish of the family Chaenichthyidae (in Russian). In: An ecological and biological description of some species of Antarctic fishes. VNIRO, Moscow, pp 38–92Google Scholar
  19. Lisovenko LA, Trunov IA (1988) Some new data on the reproduction of Jonah glassfish, Neopagetopsis ionah, in the Lazarev Sea (in Russian). Vopr Ikhthiol 28:946–952Google Scholar
  20. North AW, White MG (1987) Reproductive strategies of Antarctic fish. In: Kullander SO, Fernholm B (eds). Proc 5th Congr Europ Ichthyol, Stockholm 1985, pp 381–390Google Scholar
  21. Permitin YuYe (1973) Fecundity and reproductive biology of icefish (fam. Chaenichthyidae), fish of the family Muraenolepidae and dragonfish Bathydraconidae of the Scotia Sea (Antarctica). J Ichthyol 13:204–215Google Scholar
  22. Permitin YuYe, Sil'yanova ZS (1971) New data on reproductive biology and fecundity of fishes of the genus Notothenia (Richardson) in the Scotia Sea (Antarctica). J Ichthyol 11:693–705Google Scholar
  23. Roshchin EA (1991) Some peculiarities of the life cycle of Trematomus eulepidotus (Nototheniidae) from the Indian Ocean sector of the Antarctic (in Russian). Vopr Ikhthiol 31:82–91Google Scholar
  24. Roskin GI, Levinson LV (1957) Microscopical technique (in Russian). Sovetskaya Nauka, Moscow, 467 ppGoogle Scholar
  25. Sakun OF, Butskaya NA (1963) Identification sheets of maturity stages and study of sexual cycles of fish (in Russian). PINRO, Murmansk, 47 ppGoogle Scholar
  26. Shandikov GA, Faleeva TI (1987) Some aspects of ecology and gametogenesis of three species of the genus Trematomus and one species of channichthyids habitating Davis and Mawson Seas (in Russian). In: Abstr II All-Union Sci Conf “Stocks of the Southern Ocean and problems of their rational exploitation”. Azcher NIRO, Kerch, pp 147–149Google Scholar
  27. Sil'yanova ZS (1980) Gametogenesis of some West Antarctic fish species (in Russian). In: An ecological and biological description of some species of Antarctic fishes. VNIRO, Moscow, pp 52–57Google Scholar
  28. Sil'yanova ZS (1981) Oogenesis and maturity stages of fishes of the family Nototheniidae. J Ichthyol 21:81–89Google Scholar
  29. Yukhov VI (1982) The Antarctic tooth-fish (in Russian). Nauka, Moscow, 114 ppGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. A. Shandikov
    • 1
  • T. I. Faleeva
    • 2
  1. 1.Southern Ocean Fish Resources LaboratorySouthern Scientific Research Institute of Marine Fishery and Oceanography (YugNIRO)CrimeaUSSR
  2. 2.Chair of Ichthyology and HydrobiologyLeningrad State UniversityLeningradUSSR

Personalised recommendations