Polar Biology

, Volume 10, Issue 7, pp 515–519

Diel activity patterns of Carabidae, Staphylinidae and Perimylopidae (Coleoptera) at South Georgia, Sub-Antarctic

  • P. S. Ottesen
Article

Summary

Six of the eight species of beetles at South Georgia, the southernmost beetles of the world, were investigated in outdoor arenas with pitfall traps for their diel patterns of locomotory activity. All of them were clearly nocturnal, the only exception being a small staphylinid which appeared to be active throughout the day and night. Activity of the other species was restricted to the dark period of the night, with little activity during twilight. Peak activity occurred before or at midnight. Activity was clearly correlated with temperature. Diurnal activity may involve a risk of overheating and desiccation, but could also have evolved in the past due to bird predation, which today is very low in the study area.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Barndt D (1976) Untersuchung der diurnalen und saisonalen Aktivität von Käfern mit einer neu entwickelten Elektro-Bodenfalle. Verh Bot Ver Prov Brandenb 112:103–122Google Scholar
  2. Block W, Sømme L (1983) Low temperature adaptations in beetles from the sub-Antarctic island of South Georgia. Polar Biol 2:109–114Google Scholar
  3. Block W, Sømme L, Ring R, Ottesen P, Worland MR (1988) Adaptations of arthropods to the sub-Antarctic environment. Br Antarct Surv Bull 81:65–67Google Scholar
  4. Desender K, Mertens J, d'Hulster M, Berbiers P (1984) Diel activity patterns of Carabidae (Coleoptera), Staphylinidae (Coleoptera) and Collembola in heavily grazed pasture. Rev Ecol Biol Sol 21:347–361Google Scholar
  5. De Zordo I (1979) Ökologische Untersuchungen an Wirbellosen des zentralalpinen Hochgebirges (Obergurgl, Tirol). III. Lebenszyklen und Zönotik von Coleopteren. Alpin-Biologische Studien, Univ Innsbruck 11:1–131Google Scholar
  6. Edwards JS (1987) Arthropods of alpine aeolian ecosystems. Ann Rev Entomol 32:163–179Google Scholar
  7. Gressitt JL (ed) (1970) Subantarctic entomology, particularly of South Georgia and Heard Island. Pac Ins Monogr 23:1–374Google Scholar
  8. Hamilton WJ III (1971) Competition and thermoregulatory behavior of the Namib Desert tenebrionid genus Cardiosis. Ecology 52:810–822Google Scholar
  9. Headland R (1984) The Island of South Georgia. Cambridge Univ Press, Cambridge, 293 ppGoogle Scholar
  10. Holm E, Edney EB (1973) Daily activity of Namib Desert arthropods in relation to climate. Ecology 52:810–822Google Scholar
  11. Kramm RA, Kramm KR (1972) Activities of certain species of Eleodes in relation to season, temperature, and time of day at Joshua Tree National Monument (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Southw Nat 16:341–355Google Scholar
  12. Lang A (1975) Koleopterenfauna und — faunation in der alpinen Stufe der Stubaier Alpen (Kühtai). Alpin-Biologische Studien, Univ Innsbruck 1:1–80Google Scholar
  13. Mann DH, Edwards JS, Gara RI (1980) Diel activity patterns in snowfield foraging invertebrates on Mount Rainier, Washington. Arct Alp Res 12:359–368Google Scholar
  14. Ottesen PS (1985) Diel activity patterns of South Scandinavian high mountain ground beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae). Holarct Ecol 8:191–203Google Scholar
  15. Ottesen P, Sømme L (1987) Adaptations to high altitudes in beetles from Tenerife. Vieraea 17:217–226Google Scholar
  16. Pye T, Bonner WN (1980) Feral brown rats, Rattus norvegicus, in South Georgia (South Atlantic Ocean). J Zool, London 192:237–255Google Scholar
  17. Schmoller RR (1971) Nocturnal arthropods in the alpine tundra of Colorado. Arct Alp Res 3:345–352Google Scholar
  18. Smith RIL, Walton DWH (1975) South Georgia, Subantarctic. In: Rosswall T, Heal OW (eds) Structure and function of tundra ecosystems. Ecol Bull 20:399–423Google Scholar
  19. Thiele H-U (1977) Carabid beetles in their environments. Zoophysiology and Ecology, vol 19. Springer, Berlin, 369 ppGoogle Scholar
  20. Watt JC (1970) Coleoptera: Perimylopidae of South Georgia. Pac Ins Monogr 23:243–253Google Scholar
  21. Weller MW (1975) Ecology and behaviour of the South Georgian pintail Anas g. georgica. Ibis Pac Ins Monogr 117:217–231Google Scholar
  22. Zar JH (1974) Biostatistical analysis. Prentice-Hall, NJ, 620 ppGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. S. Ottesen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biology, Division of ZoologyUniversity of OsloOslo 3Norway
  2. 2.Department of Biology and Nature ConservationAgricultural University of NorwayÅs-NLHNorway

Personalised recommendations