Screening for in vitro shoot-forming capacity of seedling explants in bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) genotypes and efficient plant regeneration using thidiazuron
In vitro shoot regeneration ability of 17 (7 Italian and 10 Hungarian) bell pepper genotypes was investigated using excised cotyledons and rooted hypocotyls as explants. Most of the Italian genotypes and two of the Hungarian genotypes responded well, producing shoots from rooted hypocotyls. Only two genotypes (one Italian and one Hungarian) gave a weak response using cotyledons. For direct shoot induction in these explants, in addition to the methods cited in the relevant papers, a new method was applied using thidiazuron as a cytokinin. Shoots were successfully regenerated from cotyledons of two Italian and two Hungarian genotypes using thidiazuron which were considered to be non responsive to the usual methods.
KeywordsThidiazuron Cotyledon Explants Bell Pepper Pepper Cultivar Shoot Elongation Medium
- MS medium
(Murashige and Skoog 1962)
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