Plant Cell Reports

, Volume 9, Issue 10, pp 531–534 | Cite as

Interspecific somatic hybridization between lettuce (Lactuca sativa) and wild species L. virosa

  • Etsuo Matsumoto


Somatic hybrids between cultivated lettuce (Lactuca sativa) and a wild species L. virosa were produced by protoplast electrofusion. Hybrid selection was based on inactivation of L. sativa with 20mM iodoacetamide for 15 min, and the inability of L. virosa protoplasts to divide in the culture conditions used. Protoplasts were cultured in agarose beads in a revised MS media. In all 71 calli were formed and 21 of them differentiated shoots on LS medium containing 0.1mg/l NAA and 0.2mg/l BA. Most regenerated plants exhibited intermediate morphology. These plants were confirmed as hybrids by isoenzyme analysis. The majority of somatic hybrids had 2n=4x=36 chromosomes, and had more vigorous growth than either parent. Hybrids had normal flower morphology, but all were sterile.


Agarose Culture Condition Wild Species Normal Flower Somatic Hybrid 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Etsuo Matsumoto
    • 1
  1. 1.Nagano Vegetable and Ornamental Crops Experiment StationNaganoJapan

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