Experimental Brain Research

, Volume 94, Issue 1, pp 88–96

Midbrain 6-hydroxydopamine lesions modulate blink reflex excitability

  • Michele A. Basso
  • Robert E. Strecker
  • Craig Evinger

DOI: 10.1007/BF00230472

Cite this article as:
Basso, M.A., Strecker, R.E. & Evinger, C. Exp Brain Res (1993) 94: 88. doi:10.1007/BF00230472


The blink reflex abnormalities present in the 6 hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) lesioned rat model of parkinsonism mimicked those of the human with Parkinon's disease. In alert rats, we monitored the long and short latency components of the orbicularis oculi electromyographic (OOemg) response evoked by electrical stimulation of the supraorbital branch of the trigeminal nerve (SO). Two paradigms, habituation and double pulse, provided a measure of blink reflex excitability. In normal rats, repeated stimulation of the SO produced habituation of the R2 component of the blink. In the double pulse paradigm, presentation of two identical SO stimuli resulted in a reduced or suppressed OOemg response to the second stimulus relative to the first. In rats with complete, unilateral lesions of midbrain dopamine neurons, repeated SO stimulation produced facilitation rather than habituation of the R2 component of the blink reflex. This facilitation occurred only with the eyelid contralateral to the lesion. In the double pulse paradigm, the lesioned rats showed increased excitability rather than suppression. This effect occurred bilaterally, although the increased excitability was strongest contralateral to the lesion. Rats with partial lesions of midbrain dopamine neurons exhibited qualitatively similar, but less pronounced blink reflex abnormalities. The R1 component of the blink reflex was unaffected by either the complete or partial lesions. Thus, modification of the blink reflex by 6-OHDA lesions provides a reproducible parkinsonian-like symptom which is amenable to investigations of increases in reflex excitability.

Key words

Basal ganglia Parkinson's disease Dopamine Substantia nigra Rat 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michele A. Basso
    • 1
  • Robert E. Strecker
    • 1
    • 2
  • Craig Evinger
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PsychologySUNY at Stony BrookStony BrookUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesSUNY at Stony BrookStony BrookUSA
  3. 3.Department of Neurobiology Behavior and OphthalmologySUNY at Stony BrookStony BrookUSA

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