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Hydrobiologia

, Volume 292, Issue 1, pp 105–111 | Cite as

Troglocyclops janstocki, new genus, new species, a very primitive cyclopid (Copepods: Cyclopoida) from an anchialine cave in the Bahamas

  • Carlos Eduardo Falavigna da Rochal
  • Thomas M. Iliffe
Systematics

Abstract

Troglocyclops janstocki is proposed to accommodate cyclopids from Hatchet Bay Cave, Eleuthera Island, Bahamas. The species is the most primitive member of the Halicyclopinae because of the presence of 15-segmented antennules, mandibular palp reduced to 3 setae, one of them quite long and plumose, a bisegmented maxillary endopodite, and 3 segments in the maxilliped endopodite. These copepods possess the first pediger still distinct, being partially enclosed dorsally and laterally by a carapace-like extension of the posterior margin of the dorsal cephalic shield. This latter character represents a plesiomorphic state shared with the primitive cyclopinids and, within the Cyclopidae, only with the Euryteinae. The new taxon is the only known species of Halicyclopinae having two apical spines on the terminal segment of the exopodite of legs 2 to 4, and the intercoxal sclerites of the legs 1 and 2 sexually dimorphic. The phylogenetic importance of each of these characters is discussed.

Key words

Taxonomy Copepoda Cyclopoida Troglocyclops anchialine caves Caribbean fauna 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlos Eduardo Falavigna da Rochal
    • 1
  • Thomas M. Iliffe
    • 2
  1. 1.Departamento de Zoologia, Instituto de BiociênciasUniversidade de São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Marine BiologyTexas A&M University at GalvestonGalvestonUSA

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