Oxygen-derived free radicals producing activity and survival of activated polymorphonuclear leukocytes
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- Prasad, K., Chaudhary, A.K. & Kalra, J. Mol Cell Biochem (1991) 103: 51. doi:10.1007/BF00229593
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Activation of polymorphonuclear (PMN) leukocytes is known to generate oxygen free radicals (OFR). However the fate of activated PMN leukocytes is not known. We investigated the OFR producing (chemiluminescence) activity and the survival of the activated PMN leukocytes. The study was divided into two groups. Group I, In vivo study (n = 7): zymosan (8.4 mg/kg) was administered intravenously in the anesthetized dogs and the blood samples were collected before and after 5, 15, 30, 60 and 120 min of zymosan administration. This group represents the in vivo pre-stimulated PMN leukocytes; Group II, In vitro study (n = 7): the blood were collected from dogs and further divided into two groups. Group A (n = 7): non-stimulated, without any added zymosan and group B (n = 7): zymosan was added to stimulate PMN leukocytes. Blood samples from group A and B were also collected at various time intervals similar to in vivo studies. Oxygen free radical producing activity of PMN leukocytes was monitored by measuring luminoldependent chemiluminescence (CL). Opsonized zymosan was used to activate PMN leukocytes. The studies in which the PMN leukocytes were stimulated in in vivo, both oxygen derived free radicals and superoxide dismutase (SOD) inhibitable oxygen free radical CL decreased significantly for 60 min and tended to reach thereafter to the pre-stimulated values. The resting chemiluminescence (chemiluminescence without zymosan stimulation in the assay medium) increased significantly for 15 min reaching to pre-stimulated values at 30 min and thereafter. In in vitro studies, oxygen derived free radicals CL of pre-stimulated PMN leukocytes (Group B) was depressed for the whole duration of investigation while SOD inhibitable CL was depressed for only 60 min. There was approximately a two-fold increase in the resting CL within 5 min of PMN leukocyte activation and it remained high for the whole duration of study. The chemiluminescence of non-stimulated PMN leukocytes in vitro (group A) remained practically normal throughout the period of observation. In in vivo studies, total white blood cells (WBC) and PMN leukocyte counts decreased initially and tended to approach towards pre-stimulated values at the end of the protocol. There were no changes in these counts in in vitro studies. These results indicate that the capacity to generate OFR is decreased in the in vivo and in vitro pre-stimulated PMN leukocytes. However this activity recovers with time. This study also suggests that the activated PMN leukocytes are not destroyed.