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Experimental Brain Research

, Volume 112, Issue 3, pp 420–430 | Cite as

Reorganization in the auditory cortex of the rat induced by intracortical microstimulation: a multiple single-unit study

  • Pedro E. Maldonado
  • George L. Gerstein
Research Article

Abstract

Many manipulations are able to change or perturb various aspects of single neuron properties and interneuronal relationships. Changes of cerebral cortex organization have been observed in different cortical areas and at different time scales in relation to peripheral stimulation, peripheral damage, associative learning, and electrical stimulation. Here we describe studies on separable multineuron recordings in the rat's auditory cortex under two different anesthetics. Acoustic stimuli were used as a normal, physiological input, and weak electrical intracortical microstimulation (ICMS) as a perturbation that forces a rapid cortical reorganization. ICMS induced fast changes in the cortical map and in the receptive field properties of cells at the electrically stimulated and adjacent electrodes. In effect there was an enlargement of the cortical domain tuned to the acoustic frequency that had been represented at the stimulating electrode. ICMS also incremented afterdischarge responses; these consisted of an initial response to the auditory stimulus followed by less intense repetitive activity that was stimulus-time locked and had a period of 8–12 Hz, similar to that of the spontaneous synchronous activity. Cortical activity under ketamine differed from that under pentobarbital sodium, although in both situations we observed that cortical neurons were highly synchronous.

Key words

Plasticity Auditory cortex Neuronal assemblies Microstimulation Cortical maps Rat 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pedro E. Maldonado
    • 1
  • George L. Gerstein
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeuroscienceSchool of Medicine, University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA

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