Space Science Reviews

, Volume 37, Issue 3–4, pp 269–312 | Cite as

Quasistatic electric field measurements with spherical double probes on the GEOS and ISEE satellites

  • A. Pedersen
  • C. A. Cattell
  • C. -G. Fälthammar
  • V. Formisano
  • P. -A. Lindqvist
  • F. Mozer
  • R. Torbert
Article

Abstract

Spherical double probes for measurements of electric fields on the GEOS-1, GEOS-2, and ISEE-1 satellites are described. An essential feature of these satellites is their conductive surfaces which eliminate errors due to differential charging and enable meaningful diagnostic experiments to be carried out. The result of these experiments is a good understanding of interactions between the plasma, the satellite and the probes, including photo-electron emission on satellite and probes. Electric field measurements are compared with measurements of plasma drift perpendicular to the magnetic field in the solar wind and the magnetosphere and the error bar for the absolute values of the electric field is found to be in the range ±(0.5–1.0) mV m-1 whereas relative variations can be determined with much better accuracy. A useful by-product from a spherical double probe system is the determination of satellite floating potential which is related to the plasma electron flux. This measurement allows high time resolution studies of boundary crossings. Examples of electric field measurements, which reflect the recent scientific results, are given for different regions of the magnetosphere from the bow shock, the inner magnetosphere and the tail. Several examples of simultaneous GEOS-ISEE observations are described.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aggson, T. L. and Heppner J. P.: 1977, J. Geophys. Res. 82, 5155.Google Scholar
  2. Arends, H. J. and Gonfalone, A. A.: 1976, Rev. Sci. Instr. 47, 153.Google Scholar
  3. Bonifazi, C., Cerulli-Irelli, C. P., Egidi, A., Formisano, V., and Moreno G.: 1978, ISEE Trans. Geosci. Electron. GE-16(3), 243.Google Scholar
  4. Bujor, M.: 1972, Work Function Variations across the Surface of Tungsten and Vitreous Carbon, Photon and Particle Interactions with Surfaces in Space, D. Reidel Publ. Co., Dordrecht, Holland, p. 323.Google Scholar
  5. Cattell, C. A., Stewart R., Mozer, F. S., Lindqvist, P.-A., and Nishida, A.: 1981, EOS Trans. AGU 62, 987.Google Scholar
  6. Cattell, C. A., Kim, M., Lin, R. P., and Mozer, F. S.: 1982a, Geophys. Res. Letters 9, 539.Google Scholar
  7. Cattell, C. A. and Mozer, F. S.: 1982b, Geophys. Res. Letters 9, 1041.Google Scholar
  8. Decreau, P. M. E., Etcheto, J., Knott, K., Pedersen, A., Wrenn, G. L., and Young, D. T.: 1978, Space Sci. Rev. 22, 633.Google Scholar
  9. Etcheto, J. and Block, J. J.: 1978, Space Sci. Rev. 22, 597.Google Scholar
  10. Fahleson, U., Fälthammar, C. G., Pedersen, A., Knott, K., Brommundt, G., Schuman, G., Haerendel, G., andRieger, E.: 1971, Radio Sci. 6, 233.Google Scholar
  11. Feuerbacher, B. and Fitton, B.: 1972, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 1563, 1572.Google Scholar
  12. Formisano, V.: 1982 Geophys. Res. Letters 9, 1033.Google Scholar
  13. Formisano, V., Pedersen A., and Lindqvist, P.-A.; 1982, J. Geophys. Res. 87, 2115.Google Scholar
  14. Fowler, R. H.: 1931, Phys. Rev. 38, 45.Google Scholar
  15. Frank, L. A., Ackerson, K. L., De Coster, R. J., and Burek, B. G.: 1978, Space Sci. Rev. 22, 739.Google Scholar
  16. Gonfalone, A. and Arends, H. J.: 1979, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 50, (11), 1484.Google Scholar
  17. Grard, R., Pedersen, A., Mariani, F., and Signorini, C.: 1979, Magnetopause Electric and Magnetic Field Signature at Times of Magnetospheric Compressions, Proc. Sydney Chapman Conf. Alpbach, June 1979, ESA SP-148.Google Scholar
  18. Grard, R.: 1973, J. Geophys. Res. 78, 2885.Google Scholar
  19. Haerendel, G., Melzner, F., Bauer, O., Pedersen, A., and Greenwald, R. A.: 1982, Intercomparison of Three Techniques of Measuring the Electric Field, Abstracts Symposium on results from IMS Spacecraft, COSPAR.Google Scholar
  20. Harvey, C. C., Etcheto, J., and Mangeney, A.: 1979, Space Sci. Rev. 23, 39.Google Scholar
  21. Heppner, J. P., Maynard, N. C., and Aggson, T. L.: 1978, Space Sci. Rev. 22, 777.Google Scholar
  22. Kim, M. K., Mozer, F. S., and Lin, R. P.: 1980, EOS 61, 1985.Google Scholar
  23. Melzner, F., Metzner, G., and Antrack, D.: 1978, Space Sci. Instr. 4, 45.Google Scholar
  24. Mozer, F. S., Carlson, C. W., Hudson, M. K., Torbert, R. B., Parady, B., Yatteau, J., and Kelley, M. C.: 1977, Phys. Rev. Letters 38, 292.Google Scholar
  25. Mozer, F. S., Torbert, R. B., Fahleson, U. V., Fälthammar, C.-G., Gonfalone, A., and Pedersen, A.: 1978, ISEE Trans. Geosci. Electron. GE-16, (3) 258.Google Scholar
  26. Mozer, F. S.: 1981, Geophys. Res. Letters 8, 823.Google Scholar
  27. Mozer, F. S.: 1983, ‘Electric Field Evidence on the Viscous Interaction at the Magnetopause’, Geophys. Res. Letters (in press).Google Scholar
  28. Mozer, F. S. and Lindqvist, P.-A.: 1983, ‘The Average Tangential Electric Field at the Noon Magnetopause’, submitted to Geophys. Res. Letters.Google Scholar
  29. Mozer, F. S., Torbert, R. B., Anderson, R. R., Gonfalone, A., Echeto, J., and Harvey, C. C.: 1979, Observation of Radiation from an Electron Beam Onboard ISEE-1, Proc. Chapman Conference for Waves and Instabilities in Space Plasma, Denver, Colorado, August 1979.Google Scholar
  30. Mozer, F. S., Cattell, C. A., Hudson, M. K., Lysak, R. L., Temerin, M., and Torbert, R. B.: 1980, Space Sci. Rev. 27, 155.Google Scholar
  31. Pedersen, A.: 1982, ‘Artificial Particle Beams in Space Plasma Studies’, Plenum Publi. Co., p. 121.Google Scholar
  32. Pedersen, A. and Grard, R.: 1979, Quantitative Modelling of Magnetospheric Processes, AGU Geophysical Monograph Series, No. 21, p. 281.Google Scholar
  33. Pedersen, A., Grard, R., Knott, K., Jones, D., Gonfaloe, A., and Fahleson, U. V.: 1978, Space Sci. Rev. 22, 333.Google Scholar
  34. Russel, C. T. and Elphic, R. C.: 1978, Space Sci. Rev. 22, 681.Google Scholar
  35. Russel, C. T. and Elphic R. C.: 1979, Geophys. Res. Letters 6, 33.Google Scholar
  36. Shepherd, C. G., Boström, R., Derblom, H., Fälthammar C.-G., Gendrin, R., Kaila, K., Korth, A., Pedersen, A., Pellinen, R., and Wrenn, G.: 1980, J. Geophys. Res. 85, 4587.Google Scholar
  37. S-300 Experimenters: 1979, Planet. Space Sci. 27, 317.Google Scholar
  38. Southwood, D. J.: 1981, ULF Pulsations in the Magnetosphere, D. Reidel Publ. Co., Dordrecht, Holland.Google Scholar
  39. Trendelenburg, E. A., Fitton, B., Page, D. E., and Pedersen, A.: 1970, Review of Scientific Research Programme in the Space Science Department of ESTEC, ELDO/ESRO Scient. and Tech. Rev. No. 2 pp. 1–74.Google Scholar
  40. Whitley, K., Cattell C. A., and Mozer, F. S.: 1981, EOS Trans. AGU 62, 988.Google Scholar
  41. Willis, D. M.: 1975, Geophys. J. Roy. Astron. Soc. 41, 355.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Pedersen
    • 1
  • C. A. Cattell
    • 3
  • C. -G. Fälthammar
    • 2
  • V. Formisano
    • 1
  • P. -A. Lindqvist
    • 2
  • F. Mozer
    • 3
  • R. Torbert
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Space Science Department of ESA/ESTECNoordwijkThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Royal Institute of TechnologyStockholmSweden
  3. 3.Physics Department and Space Sciences LaboratoryUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  4. 4.Physics DepartmentUniversity of CaliforniaSan DiegoUSA

Personalised recommendations