Trees

, Volume 6, Issue 4, pp 216–224

Xylem structure and water transport in a twiner, a scrambler, and a shrub of Lonicera (Caprifoliaceae)

  • Shau-Ting Chiu
  • Frank W. Ewers
Original Articles

DOI: 10.1007/BF00224339

Cite this article as:
Chiu, ST. & Ewers, F.W. Trees (1992) 6: 216. doi:10.1007/BF00224339

Summary

Wood structure and function was investigated in different growth forms of temperate honeysuckles (Lonicera spp.). All three species had many narrow vessels and relatively few wide ones, with the measured Kh (flow rate/pressure gradient) approximately 24–55% of the theoretical Kh predicted by Poiseuille's law. Only the twiner, Lonicera japonica, had some vessels greater than 50 μm in diameter. The twiner also had the narrowest stem xylem diameters, suggesting the greater maximum vessel diameter hydraulically compensated for narrow stems. Conversely, the free-standing shrub, L. maackii, had the greatest annual increments of xylem but the least percent conductive xylem implying that a great portion of the wood was involved with mechanical support. The scrambler, L, sempervirens had low maximum vessel diameter, high Huber values (= xylem area/leaf area), and low specific conductivities (= measured Kh/xylem area), much like the shrub. The greatest vessel frequency occurred in the scrambler (901 vessels · mm-2), the highest thus far recorded in vines. The lowest Huber value and highest specific conductivity occurred in the twiner, suggesting little self-support but relatively efficient water conduction. LSC (= measured Kh/leaf area) and maximum vessel diameter of Lonicera vines were near the low end of the range for vines in general.

Key words

Xylem Water transport Lonicera Hydraulic conductivity Vessel diameter 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shau-Ting Chiu
    • 1
  • Frank W. Ewers
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Botany and Plant PathologyMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

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