Biodiversity & Conservation

, Volume 4, Issue 6, pp 636–644 | Cite as

Amphibians: suitable candidates for breeding-release programmes

  • Quentin M. C. Bloxam
  • Simon J. Tonge


Zoological parks are playing an increasingly important role in the management of threatened species through education, the maintenance of captive gene banks and the reintroduction of captive-bred animals into the wild. This paper discusses the suitability of amphibian species for reintroduction. The important features of amphibians for these programmes are highlighted, i.e., their high fecundity to allow rapid build-up of captive populations coupled with few behavioural problems with captive-bred animals, as well as the low cost of maintenance. The potential problems of inbreeding, poor retention of innate behavioural repertoires after multiple generation captive breeding, and the introduction of alien pathogens into wild populations are considered. Release programmes for two species, the Mallorcan midwife toad Alytes muletensis and the Puerto Rican crested toad Peltophryne lemur, are reviewed.


Mallorcan midwife toad Puerto Rican crested toad reintroduction conservation habitat disturbance 


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Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Quentin M. C. Bloxam
    • 1
  • Simon J. Tonge
    • 2
  1. 1.Jersey Wildlife Preservation TrustLes Augrès ManorChannel IslandsBritish Isles
  2. 2.London ZooZoological Society of LondonLondonUK

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