Advertisement

Theoretical and Applied Genetics

, Volume 90, Issue 5, pp 707–713 | Cite as

Diallel analysis for mineral element absorption in tropical adapted soybeans [Glycine max (L.) Merrill]

  • C. R. Spehar
Article

Abstract

The Brazilian tropical adapted soybeans contains, in addition to superior morphological characters, genetic factors for tolerance to cultivation in acidic, mineral-stressed soils. However, the selection process for these hindrances has been empirical, and information on the genetics of mineral element uptake by the plant is necessary. The objective of this investigation was to identify the mode of inheritance for the absorption of phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, aluminium, manganese, zinc and copper in a 9 × 9 diallel cross. General combining ability (GCA) was higher than specific combining ability (SCA), with the exception of copper, manganese and zinc, indicating predominantly additive effects. The ratios of GCA/SCA varied between 3.4 (calcium) and 8.5 (magnesium). The regression of covariance (Wr) on variance (Vr) showed that the additive-dominance model explained the genetic differences in this germ plasm. However, the detection of overdominance could be related to possible heterozygosity in the parental varieties for mineral absorption. Broad-sense heritability values were higher than narrow sense heritability values for aluminium, iron, potassium, calcium and magnesium, being in the range of 67.9–86.9% and 42.0–56.6%, respectively. This is an indication that soybeans can be further improved to efficient utilisation of nutrients and to tolerate toxic factors in the soil.

Key words

Mineral stress Nutrient efficiency Aluminium tolerance Inheritance Genetics Breeding 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alva AK, Asher CJ and Edwards DG (1986) The role of calcium in alleviating aluminium toxicity. Aust J Agri Res 37:375–382Google Scholar
  2. Boye-Goni SR and Marcarian V (1985) Diallel analysis of aluminum tolerance in selected lines of grain sorghum. Crop Sci 25:749–752Google Scholar
  3. Brim CA (1966) A modified pedigree method of selection in soybeans. Crop Sci 6:220Google Scholar
  4. Cockerham CC (1980) Random and fixed effects in plant genetics. Theor Appl Genet 56:119–131Google Scholar
  5. Dickinson AG, Jinks JL (1956) A generalized analysis of diallel crosses. Genetics 41:65–67Google Scholar
  6. Eberhart SA, Gardner CO (1966) A general model for genetic effects. Biometrics 22:864–881Google Scholar
  7. Fehr WR (1980) Soybean. In: Fehr WR, Hadley HH (eds) Hybridization of crop plants. American Soc Agron, Madison, Wis., pp 105–131Google Scholar
  8. Foy CD, Fleming A, Armiger WH (1969) Aluminum tolerance of soybean varieties in relation to calcium nutrition. Agron J 61:505–511Google Scholar
  9. Foy CD, Chaney RL, White MC (1978) The physiology of metal toxicity in plants. Annu Rev Plant Physiol 29:511–566Google Scholar
  10. Foy CD, Duke JA, Devine TE (1992) Tolerance of soybean germplasm to an acid Tatum subsoil. J Plant Nutr 15:527–547Google Scholar
  11. Gibori JH, Cahaner A, Ashri A (1978) A 9×9 diallel analysis in peanuts (A. hypogea L.): flowering time, tops' weight, pod yield per plant and pod weight. Theor Appl Genet 53:169–179Google Scholar
  12. Gorsline GW, Thomas WI, Baker DE (1968) Major gene inheritance of Sr-Ca, Mg, K, P, Zn, Cu, B, Al-Fe, and Mn concentrations in corn, Zea mays L. Penn State Univ Bull 746Google Scholar
  13. Gorz HJ, Haskins FA, Pedersen JF, Ross WM (1987) Combining ability effects for mineral elements in forage sorghum hybrids. Crop Sci 27:216–219Google Scholar
  14. Griffing B (1956) Concept of general and specific combining ability in relation to diallel crossing systems. Aust J Biol Sci 9:463–493Google Scholar
  15. Hanson WD (1987) Evaluating genetic changes associated with selection utilizing information from diallel mating designs. Crop Sci 27:919–923Google Scholar
  16. Hecht-Buchholz C, Schuster J (1987) Response of Al-tolerant ‘Dayton’ and Al-sensitive ‘Kearney’ barley cultivars to calcium and magnesium during aluminium stress. Plant Soil 99:47–61Google Scholar
  17. Hiromoto DM, Vello NA (1986) The genetic base of Brazilian soybean [Glycine max (L) Merrill] cultivars. Braz J Genet 9:295–306Google Scholar
  18. Hoddinott JL, Richter CL (1987) The influence of aluminum on photosynthesis and translocation in French bean. J Plant Nutr 10:443–454Google Scholar
  19. Jinks JL, Hayman BI (1953) The analysis of diallel crosses. Maize Genet Coop Newsl 27:48–54Google Scholar
  20. Kiihl RAS, Garcia A (1989) The use of the long-juvenile trait in breeding soybean cultivars. In: Pascale AJ (ed) Proc 4th World Soybean Res Conf, Vol 2. AASOJA, Buenos Aires, Argentina, pp 994–1000Google Scholar
  21. Mather K, Jinks JL (1982) Biometrical genetics, 3rd edn. Chapman and Hall, LondonGoogle Scholar
  22. Morse WJ, Cartter JL, Williams LF (1949) Soybeans: culture and varieties. Farmers Bulletin no. 1520, USDA, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  23. Ohki K (1986) Aluminium stress on sorghum growth and nutrient relationships. Plant Soil 98:195–202Google Scholar
  24. Perry MC, McIntosh MS, Wiebold WJ, Welterlen M (1986) Genetic analysis of cold hardiness and dormancy in alfalfa Genome 29:144–149Google Scholar
  25. Ritchey KD, Urben G, Spehar CR (1982) Manganese deficiency induced by excessive liming in a latossolo vermelho-escuro cerrado soil. In: EMBRAPA-CNPSO (ed) Proc 2nd. Soybean Res Nat Seminar EMBRAPA-CNPSO, vol 2. Londrina, Brazil, pp 541–544Google Scholar
  26. Saneoka H, Kanada N, Ogata S (1986) Differential tolerance among tropical forage crops to problem soil conditions. I. Effect of low pH and aluminum in culture medium of growth and nutrient uptake of several tropical forage crops. J Jpn Soc Grassl Sci 32:251–260Google Scholar
  27. Spehar C R (1989) The genetics of aluminium tolerance in soya beans Glycine max (L) Merrill. PhD Thesis, University of Cambridge, EnglandGoogle Scholar
  28. Spehar CR (1994a) Screening soybean germplasm for aluminium tolerance using cluster analysis. Pesqui Agropecu Bras 29:113–122Google Scholar
  29. Spehar CR (1994b) Seed quality of soya bean based on the mineral composition of seed of 45 varieties grown in a Brazilian Savanna acid soil. Euphytica 76:127–132Google Scholar
  30. Spehar CR (1994c) Aluminium tolerance of soya bean genotypes in short term experiments. Euphytica 76:73–80Google Scholar
  31. Spehar CR, Monteiro PMFO, Zuffo NL (1993) Soybean breeding in Central Brazil. In: POTAFOS (ed) Proc Symp Soybean Cult Braz Cerrados (Savannas). EMBRAPA-CNPSO/CPAC, Uberaba, Brazil, pp 229–251Google Scholar
  32. Sprague GF, Tatum LA (1942) General versus specific combining ability in single crosses of corn. J Am Soc Agron 34:923–932Google Scholar
  33. Yates F (1947) The analysis of data from all possible reciprocal crosses between a set of parental lines Heredity 1:287–301Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. R. Spehar
    • 1
  1. 1.EMBRAPA-CPACCentro de Pesquisa Agropecuária dos CerradosPlanaltina, DFBrazil

Personalised recommendations