Cell and Tissue Research

, Volume 177, Issue 1, pp 9–28 | Cite as

The superposition eye of Cloeon dipterum: The organization of the lamina ganglionaris

  • K. Wolburg-Buchholz


The lamina ganglionaris of the superposition eye of Cloeon dipterum is composed of separate optic cartridges arranged in a hexagonal pattern. Each optic cartridge consists of one central, radially branched monopolar cell (Li) surrounded by a crown of seven retinula cell terminals and two more unilaterally branched monopolar cells (La1/La2) situated close together outside the cartridge. Projections to neighbouring cartridges have not been observed.

In most cases, synaptic contacts could be seen between a presynaptic retinula cell and more than two other postsynaptic profiles, which belong to monopolar cells or sometimes to glial cells.

Seven retinula cell fibers of one ommatidium pass in a bundle through the basement membrane, run into their respective cartridges without changing orientation and terminate at approximately equal levels in the lamina. Long visual fibers with endings in the medulla are not visible in the superposition eye lamina, but are present in the lateral apposition eye. The relationship between the behaviour of the animal, optic mechanisms of the superposition eye and the structure of the lamina is discussed.

Key words

Superposition eye Lamina ganglionaris Cloeon dipterum Light- and electron microscopy 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Wolburg-Buchholz
    • 1
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für biologische KybernetikTübingenGermany

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