Theoretical and Applied Genetics

, Volume 90, Issue 1, pp 27–32 | Cite as

Genetic diversity in European and Mediterranean faba bean germ plasm revealed by RAPD markers

  • W. Link
  • C. Dixkens
  • M. Singh
  • M. Schwall
  • A. E. Melchinger
Article

Abstract

Broadening of the genetic base and systematic exploitation of heterosis in faba bean requires reliable information on the genetic diversity in the germ plasm. Three groups of faba bean inbred lines were examined by means of RAPDs (random amplified polymorphic DNAs) assays: 13 European small-seeded lines, 6 European large-seeded lines, and 9 Mediterranean lines. Out of 59 primers, 35 were informative and yielded 365 bands, 289 of which were polymorphic with a mean of 8.3 bands per primer. Monomorphic bands were omitted from the analyses and genetic distances (GD) were estimated via the coefficient of Jaccard. The mean GD among the European small-seeded lines was significantly greater than those among the lines of the other two groups. Repeatability of GD estimates was high. Cluster (UPGMA) and principal coordinate analyses identified European small-seeded lines and Mediterranean lines as distinct groups with European large-seeded lines located in between. The results are in harmony with published archaeobotanical findings. We conclude that RAPDs are useful for classification of germ plasm and identification of divergent heterotic groups in faba bean.

Key words

RAPD Genetic diversity Vicia fabaGerm plasm Gene pools 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Link
    • 1
  • C. Dixkens
    • 1
  • M. Singh
    • 2
  • M. Schwall
    • 3
  • A. E. Melchinger
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Plant Breeding, Seed Science, and Population GeneticsUniversity of HohenheimStuttgartGermany
  2. 2.Department of GeneticsCCS Haryana Agricultural UniversityHisar, HaryanaIndia
  3. 3.Südwestdeutsche SaatzuchtRastattGermany

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