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Space Science Reviews

, Volume 53, Issue 1–2, pp 83–163 | Cite as

The magnetogram inversion technique and some applications

  • V. M. Mishin
Article

Abstract

The magnetogram inversion technique (MIT) which was implemented when studying the Earth's magnetosphere relatively recently, makes it possible to monitor — on a continuous basis of ground geomagnetic variations — the dynamics of a global electric field and currents in the ionosphere, variations of the polar cap boundaries and area and of Poynting vector fluxes from the solar wind. This review considers the general algorithm of MIT as well as distinctive features of its main inputs, together with their inherent errors. Emphasis is placed on the peculiarities of MIT as developed at SibIZMIR. They include, in particular, methods of calculating the current function and a time-dependent spatial model of ionospheric conductivity. A description is also given of a MIT variant which employs as the input, instead of ground geomagnetic measurements, satellite-borne measurements of solar wind parameters. This MIT variant ensures a short-term prediction of output data as mentioned above or their calculation in real time. Numerous examples are given of MIT applications, mainly for undisturbed conditions. By use of MIT data the electric field and currents in the ionosphere, the dynamics of the Poynting vector flux are described for the conditions IMF Bz = By = 0, i.e., when the energetics are dominated by the contribution of ‘viscous interaction’. It is shown that this contribution is important. Different magnetospheric effects of the IMF are described, which are produced by dayside magnetic merging (including new effects). A study is made of a variety of periodic UT-variations of the electric field and currents in the ionosphere. Using the possibility of monitoring the Poynting vector flux, based on MIT-2, it is also shown that in the substorm energetics a fundamental role is played by the positive feedback in the circuit ‘primary generator in the boundary-layer-magnetospheric load’.

Keywords

Solar Wind Spatial Model Current Function Continuous Basis Main Input 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. M. Mishin
    • 1
  1. 1.Ionosphere and Radio Wave Propagation (SibIZMIR)Siberian Institute of Terrestrial MagnetismUSSR

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