European Journal of Plastic Surgery

, Volume 14, Issue 6, pp 288–293 | Cite as

The pros and cons of distant pedicled flaps for upper extremity trauma reconstruction in the era of microvascular surgery

  • P. Graft
  • H. U. Steinau
  • G. Ingianni
  • E. Biemer


Nineteen distant pedicled flaps, performed during 1989 for posttraumatic upper extremity soft tissue defect cover were reviewed. The pros and cons of distant pedicled flaps were examined with respect to the alternative treatment; namely, free microvascular tissue transfer. The main points considered were the traumatic defect, the donor site and particular problems of each patient. The conclusion was that pedicled flaps are useful in this type of reconstruction in spite of the availability of microvascular techniques.

Key words

Hand trauma Distant pedicled flaps Free tissue transfer 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Graft
    • 1
  • H. U. Steinau
    • 2
  • G. Ingianni
    • 3
  • E. Biemer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plastic and Reconstructive SurgeryTechnical University HospitalMünchen 80Germany
  2. 2.Department of Plastic Surgery, Burn UnitBG-University HospitalBochum 1Germany
  3. 3.Department of Plastic and Reconstructive SurgeryWuppertal 1Germany

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