Detection and characterization of new mutations in the human angiotensinogen gene (AGT)
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As part of the multicenter project entitled “Pathobiological Determinants of Atherosclerosis in Youth (PDAY),” we are testing polymorphisms in candidate genes of atherosclerosis and hypertension for associations with arterial lesions in autopsied young persons. In this study, we used temperature gradient gel electrophoresis (TGGE) to type the Met235→Thr polymorphism in exon 2 of the angiotensinogen gene (AGT) that is associated with essential hypertension in some human populations. In addition to Met235→Thr, we detected and sequenced four other TGGE variants in exon 2 of AGT. These included two new amino acid substitutions (Thr209→ Ile and Leu211→Arg) that were found only among black PDAY cases. The frequency of the Ile209 mutation was 0.002 and the frequency of the Arg211 was 0.006 in 260 black PDAY cases. The other two TGGE variants were Tyr248→Cys and a T→C substitution at nucleotide position 171 that had been identified in previous studies. We also developed restriction isotyping for rapid typing of each AGT variant using PCR amplification and digestion with diagnostic restriction enzymes.
KeywordsAmino Acid Substitution Essential Hypertension Young Person Nucleotide Position Angiotensinogen
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