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Solar Physics

, Volume 76, Issue 1, pp 117–128 | Cite as

Airborne total eclipse observation of the extreme solar limb at 400 μm

  • T. Alan Clark
  • Rita T. Boreiko
Article

Abstract

The total solar eclipse of February 26, 1979 was monitored at far infrared wavelengths from the NASA Lear Jet Observatory flying at 12.9 km in the eclipse shadow. The resultant eclipse curve for radiation within a bandwidth of 20 cm−1 centered upon 25 cm−1 (400 μm) was measured and analysed at an equivalent angular resolution of 1 arc sec over a 100 arc sec region adjacent to the limb to provide information on the intensity distribution of continuum radiation close to this limb. The curve has been compared to predictions derived from models of the solar atmosphere for the specific geometry of this eclipse, and is shown to match most closely that derived from a uniform distribution of radiation across the disk. This is in distinct contrast to the result obtained in the only other comparable experiment, carried out over Africa in 1973 from a supersonic Concorde aircraft, in which an intense but narrow ‘spike’ of far infrared radiation at the extreme solar limb was inferred from the data. The absence also in the present observations of the significant limb brightening predicted by the HSRA model (in which homogeneity within the source region is assumed) is in substantial agreement with lower resolution results from mountain altitudes. This result is interpreted as further evidence for the presence in the Sun's lower chromosphere of significant inhomogeneity with a scale size of at least 1000 km at this depth.

Keywords

Solar Atmosphere Solar Eclipse Continuum Radiation Total Solar Eclipse Resolution Result 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Co. 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Alan Clark
    • 1
  • Rita T. Boreiko
    • 1
  1. 1.Physics DepartmentUniversity of CalgaryCalgaryCanada

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