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Induction of rat liver drug-metabolizing enzymes by tetrachloroethylene

  • N. Hanioka
  • H. Jinno
  • T. Toyo'oka
  • T. Nishimura
  • M. Ando
Article

Abstract

The effect of tetrachloroethylene on Phase I and II drug-metabolizing enzymes in rat liver was examined. Rats were treated orally with tetrachloroethylene daily for five days, at doses of 125, 250, 500, 1,000 and 2,000 mg/kg. The higher doses (>500 mg/kg) of tetrachloroethylene induced the hepatic microsomal 7-pentoxyresorufin O-depentylase and 7-benzyloxyresorufin O-debenzylase activities associated with the CYP2B subfamily. 7-ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase activity was also induced about 2-fold compared with that of control rats at 500, 1,000, and 2,000 mg/kg dose levels of tetrachloroethylene. However, 7-ethoxycoumarin O-deethylase and 7-methoxyresorufin O-demethylase activities were increased significantly at only the 1,000 mg/kg dose level of tetrachloroethylene (1.4- and 1.5-fold). Although other cytochrome P450-mediated monooxygenase activities such as nitrosodimethylamine N-demethylase, aminopyrine N-demethylase and erythromycin N-demethylase were also induced by tetrachloroethylene, the relative induction to control activity was lower than those of 7-pentoxyresorufin O-depentylase and 7-benzyloxyresorufin O-debenzylase. Western immunoblotting showed that the levels of CYP2B1 and CYP2B2 proteins in liver microsomes were increased at doses of 1,000 and 2,000 mg/kg of tetrachloroethylene. In addition to cytochrome P450-mediated monooxygenases, there was significant induction of the Phase II drug-metabolizing enzymes, DT-diaphorase, glutathione S-transferase activities towards 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene and 1,2-dichloro-4-nitrobenzene, and UDP-glucuronyltransferase activities towards 4-nitrophenol and 7-hydroxycoumarin. The results indicate that tetrachloroethylene induces both Phase I (CYP2B-mediated monooxygenase) and Phase II drug-metabolizing enzymes (DT-diaphorase, glutathione S-transferase and UDP-glucuronyltransferase) in the rat liver.

Keywords

Tetrachloroethylene Aminopyrine Dinitrobenzene Relative Induction Monooxygenase Activity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Hanioka
    • 1
  • H. Jinno
    • 1
  • T. Toyo'oka
    • 1
  • T. Nishimura
    • 1
  • M. Ando
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Environmental ChemistryNational Institute of Health SciencesTokyoJapan

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