Induction of rat liver drug-metabolizing enzymes by tetrachloroethylene

  • N. Hanioka
  • H. Jinno
  • T. Toyo'oka
  • T. Nishimura
  • M. Ando


The effect of tetrachloroethylene on Phase I and II drug-metabolizing enzymes in rat liver was examined. Rats were treated orally with tetrachloroethylene daily for five days, at doses of 125, 250, 500, 1,000 and 2,000 mg/kg. The higher doses (>500 mg/kg) of tetrachloroethylene induced the hepatic microsomal 7-pentoxyresorufin O-depentylase and 7-benzyloxyresorufin O-debenzylase activities associated with the CYP2B subfamily. 7-ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase activity was also induced about 2-fold compared with that of control rats at 500, 1,000, and 2,000 mg/kg dose levels of tetrachloroethylene. However, 7-ethoxycoumarin O-deethylase and 7-methoxyresorufin O-demethylase activities were increased significantly at only the 1,000 mg/kg dose level of tetrachloroethylene (1.4- and 1.5-fold). Although other cytochrome P450-mediated monooxygenase activities such as nitrosodimethylamine N-demethylase, aminopyrine N-demethylase and erythromycin N-demethylase were also induced by tetrachloroethylene, the relative induction to control activity was lower than those of 7-pentoxyresorufin O-depentylase and 7-benzyloxyresorufin O-debenzylase. Western immunoblotting showed that the levels of CYP2B1 and CYP2B2 proteins in liver microsomes were increased at doses of 1,000 and 2,000 mg/kg of tetrachloroethylene. In addition to cytochrome P450-mediated monooxygenases, there was significant induction of the Phase II drug-metabolizing enzymes, DT-diaphorase, glutathione S-transferase activities towards 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene and 1,2-dichloro-4-nitrobenzene, and UDP-glucuronyltransferase activities towards 4-nitrophenol and 7-hydroxycoumarin. The results indicate that tetrachloroethylene induces both Phase I (CYP2B-mediated monooxygenase) and Phase II drug-metabolizing enzymes (DT-diaphorase, glutathione S-transferase and UDP-glucuronyltransferase) in the rat liver.


Tetrachloroethylene Aminopyrine Dinitrobenzene Relative Induction Monooxygenase Activity 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Hanioka
    • 1
  • H. Jinno
    • 1
  • T. Toyo'oka
    • 1
  • T. Nishimura
    • 1
  • M. Ando
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Environmental ChemistryNational Institute of Health SciencesTokyoJapan

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