Labile cochlear tuning in the mustached bat
- Cite this article as:
- Huffman, R.F. & Henson, O.W. J Comp Physiol A (1993) 171: 725. doi:10.1007/BF00213069
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The cochlea of the mustached bat (Pteronotus parnellii) has sharp tuning characteristics and pronounced resonance within a narrow band near the second harmonic, constant frequency (CF2) component of the animal's biosonar signals. That fine frequency discrimination occurs within this narrow band is evident from Doppler-shift compensation, whereby bats in flight lower the frequency of emitted CF2s to maintain returning echoes within this band. This study examined various factors capable of producing shifts in both the cochlear resonance frequency (CRF) and CF2s emitted by stationary bats and bats actively Doppler-shift compensating on a pendulum. Each of three experimental factors shifted the CRF in a reversible manner. Changes in body temperature produced an average CRF shift of 39 ± 18 Hz/°C. The CRF increased with flight by 150 ± 100 Hz and returned to baseline values within 10 min after flight. Contralateral sound exposure produced smaller (100 ± 20 Hz), rapid shifts in the CRF, suggesting that a mechanism different from the temperature- and flight-related shifts was involved. Changes in the CRF induced by temperature and flight were accompanied by shifts in the emitted CF2 of stationary and moving bats. Coupled with a companion study of associated shifts in neural tuning, the concomitant changes in CRF and CF2 provide evidence of cochlear tuning lability in the mustached bat.
Key wordsCochlea Echolocation Resonance Body temperature Pteronotus
second harmonic, constant frequency component of the biosonar signal
cochlear resonance frequency