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Effects of the anionic surfactant, sodium dodecyl sulfate, on newly-hatched blue crabs, Callinectes sapidus, and other routinely tested estuarine crustaceans

  • V. K. Whiting
  • G. M. Cripe
  • J. E. Lepo
Article

Abstract

This study describes the use of newly hatched larvae of Callinectes sapidus (blue crab) in a 48-h acute toxicity test and compares their sensitivity to two other estuarine crustaceans (Mysidopsis bahia and Palaemonetes pugio) commonly used for evaluation of effects of potentially toxic materials. C. sapidus larvae were twice as sensitive to sodium dodecyl sulfate as ≤ 24-h post-release M. bahia, and five times more sensitive than ≤ 24-h-old P. pugio larvae. We found the blue crab toxicity test to be simple, rapid and accurate and it provides low variability and high reproducibility. Since the data indicate high sensitivity of this commercially important species to a reference toxicant and the potential impact on its survival during a critically sensitive developmental stage, we propose future research further evaluating C. sapidus as a potential toxicity test species.

Keywords

Surfactant Waste Water Water Pollution Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate Acute Toxicity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. K. Whiting
    • 1
  • G. M. Cripe
    • 2
  • J. E. Lepo
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Environmental Diagnostics and BioremediationUniversity of West FloridaPensacolaUSA
  2. 2.National Health Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Gulf Ecology DivisionU.S. Environmental Protection AgencyGulf BreezeUSA

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