Human Genetics

, Volume 95, Issue 2, pp 215–218 | Cite as

A Gly238Ser substitution in the α2 chain of type I collagen results in osteogenesis imperfecta type III

  • Nicola J. Rose
  • Katrina Mackay
  • Peter H. Byers
  • Raymond Dalgleish
Original Investigation


In general, osteogenesis imperfecta (brittle bone disease) is caused by heterozygous mutations in the genes encoding the α1 or α2 chains of type I collagen (COL1A1 and COL1A2, respectively). In this study we screened these genes in a proband presenting with the severe form (type III) of osteogenesis imperfecta for mutations which might result in the phenotype. Single-strand conformation polymorphism mapping analysis was used to identify a region suspected of harbouring the mutation and subsequent sequence analysis revealed a heterozygous G to A transition in the α2(I) gene of type I collagen in the individual. The resulting substitution of the glycine at position 238 of the α chain by serine is the most N-terminal yet reported for this chain.


Collagen Internal Medicine Glycine Sequence Analysis Serine 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicola J. Rose
    • 1
  • Katrina Mackay
    • 1
  • Peter H. Byers
    • 2
  • Raymond Dalgleish
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeneticsUniversity of LeicesterLeicesterUK
  2. 2.Departments of Pathology and MedicineUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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