Mycorrhiza

, Volume 5, Issue 5, pp 321–327

Effects of a vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus and other soil microorganisms on growth, mineral nutrient acquisition and root exudation of soil-grown maize plants

  • H. A. Azaizeh
  • H. Marschner
  • V. Römheld
  • L. Wittenmayer
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/BF00207404

Cite this article as:
Azaizeh, H.A., Marschner, H., Römheld, V. et al. Mycorrhiza (1995) 5: 321. doi:10.1007/BF00207404

Abstract

Maize (Zea mays L. cv. Alize) plants were grown in a calcareous soil in pots divided by 30-μm nylon nets into three compartments, the central one for root growth and the outer ones for hyphal growth. Sterle soil was inoculated with either (1) rhizosphere microorganisms other than vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal (VAM) fungi, (2) rhizosphere microorganisms together with a VAM fungus [Glomus mosseae (Nicol. and Gerd.) Gerdemann and Trappel], or (3) with a gamma-irradiated inoculum as control. Plants were grown under controlled-climate conditions and harvested after 3 or 6 weeks. VAM plants had higher shoot∶root ratios than non-VAM plants. After 6 weeks, the concentrations of P, Zn and Cu in roots and shoots had significantly increased with VAM colonization, whereas Mn concentrations had significantly decreased. Root exudates were collected on agar sheets placed on the interface between root and hyphal compartments. Six-week-old VAM and non-VAM plants had similar root exudate compositions of 72–73% reducing sugars, 17–18% phenolics, 7% organic acids and 3% amino acids. In another experiment in which root exudates were collected on agar sheets with or without antibiotics, the amounts of amino acids and carbohydrates recovered were similar in VAM and non-VAM plants. However, threeto sixfold higher amounts of carbohydrates, amino acids and phenolics were recovered when antibiotics were added to the agar sheets. Thus, the high microbial activity in the rhizosphere and on the rhizoplane limits the exudates recovered from roots.

Key words

Glomus mosseae Zea mays Mineral uptake Root exudation 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. A. Azaizeh
    • 1
  • H. Marschner
    • 1
  • V. Römheld
    • 1
  • L. Wittenmayer
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für Pflanzenernährung (330), Universität HohenheimStuttgartGermany
  2. 2.Institut für Pflanzenernährung und Düngung, Martin-Luther-UniversitätHalle-WittenbergGermany

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