Planta

, Volume 195, Issue 1, pp 36–42 | Cite as

Compartmentation of cyanogenic glucosides and their degrading enzymes

  • Christiane Gruhnert
  • Böle Biehl
  • Dirk Selmar
Article

Abstract

Whereas high activities of β-glucosidase occur in homogenates of leaves of Hevea brasiliensis Muell.-Arg., this enzyme, which is capable of splitting the cyanogenic monoglucoside linamarin (linamarase), is not present in intact protoplasts prepared from the corresponding leaves. Thus, in leaves of H. brasiliensis the entire linamarase is located in the apoplasmic space. By analyzing the vacuoles obtained from leaf protoplasts isolated from mesophyll and epidermal layers of H. brasiliensis leaves, it was shown that the cyanogenic glucoside linamarin is localized exclusively in the central vacuole. Analyses of apoplasmic fluids from leaves of six other cyanogenic species showed that significant linamarase activity is present in the apoplasm of all plants tested. In contrast, no activity of any diglucosidase capable of hydrolyzing the cyanogenic diglucoside linustatin (linustatinase) could be detected in these apoplasmic fluids. As described earlier, any translocation of cyanogenic glucosides involves the interaction of monoglucosidic and diglucosidic cyanogens with the corresponding glycosidases (Selmar, 1993a, Planta 191, 191–199). Based on this, the data on the compartmentation of cyanogenic glucosides and their degrading enzymes in Hevea are discussed with respect to the complex metabolism and the transport of cyanogenic glucosides.

Key words

Apoplasm Compartmentation Cyanogenic glucosides Hevea Linamarin Linustatin 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christiane Gruhnert
    • 1
  • Böle Biehl
    • 1
  • Dirk Selmar
    • 1
  1. 1.Botanisches Institut der Technischen Universität BraunschweigBraunschweigGermany

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