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Mineralium Deposita

, Volume 23, Issue 3, pp 179–185 | Cite as

Geothermometry based on fractionation of Mn and Cd between coexisting sphalerite and galena from some carbonate-hosted sulfide deposits in India

  • B. Mishra
  • A. Mookherjee
Article

Abstract

Geothermometry based on the fractionation of Mn and Cd between coexisting sphalerite and galena from concordantly banded, strata-bound ores and younger vein ores of Rajpura-Dariba, Zawar, and Bandalamottu has been attempted. Different fractionation trends for the banded and vein ores in the same deposit at Rajpura-Dariba indicate different thermal regimes of final equilibration for the two varieties of ores. In contrast, a single trend incorporating both types of ores is suggestive of isothermal conditions of final equilibration for the banded and vein ores at Zawar. Unrealistically high temperatures obtained for the vein ores of Bandalamottu suggest equilibrium in the sphalerite-galena aggregates of this deposit was not attained. Thermometric data from Mn and Cd fractionation are compared with other independent geothermometric determinations obtained from fluid inclusion homogenization studies and based on phase equilibria. It has been found that, in general, the Cd-fractionation temperature (TCd) is a more reliable geothermometer than the Mn-fractionation temperature (TMn). This presumably may be due to the susceptibility of aqueous Mn species to subtle changes in \(f_{O_2 } \) in the ore fluid and consequent heterogeneity in Mn concentration in sphalerite, thus affecting the distribution coefficient. The investigation also suggests that TCd becomes increasingly more dependable when the ores are metamorphosed and reequilibrated at higher grades of metamorphism.

Keywords

Sulfide Fractionation Fluid Inclusion Distribution Coefficient Subtle Change 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Mishra
    • 1
  • A. Mookherjee
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Geology and GeophysicsIndian Institute of TechnologyKharagpurIndia

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