Catecholamines in plants

  • A. I. Kuklin
  • B. V. Conger


Catecholamines (CAs) are neurotransmitters in mammals. They have been found in 44 plant families, but no essential metabolic function has been established for them. They are precursors of benzo[c]phenanthridine alkaloids, which are the active principal ingredients of many medicinal plant extracts. CAs have been implicated to have a possible protective role against insect predators, injuries, and nitrogen detoxification. They have been shown to promote plant tissue growth, somatic embryogenesis from in vitro cultures, and flowering. CAs inhibit indole-3-acetic acid oxidation and enhance ethylene biosynthesis. They have also been shown to enhance synergistically various effects of gibberellins.





fresh weight




dry weight


thin cell layer


3,6-dichloro-2-methoxybenzoic acid


gibberellic acid


indoleacetic acid


adenosine, 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate


1-aminocyclopropane-l-carboxylic acid.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. I. Kuklin
    • 1
  • B. V. Conger
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant and Soil ScienceUniversity of TennesseeKnoxvilleUSA

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