Catecholamines in plants

  • A. I. Kuklin
  • B. V. Conger
Article

Abstract

Catecholamines (CAs) are neurotransmitters in mammals. They have been found in 44 plant families, but no essential metabolic function has been established for them. They are precursors of benzo[c]phenanthridine alkaloids, which are the active principal ingredients of many medicinal plant extracts. CAs have been implicated to have a possible protective role against insect predators, injuries, and nitrogen detoxification. They have been shown to promote plant tissue growth, somatic embryogenesis from in vitro cultures, and flowering. CAs inhibit indole-3-acetic acid oxidation and enhance ethylene biosynthesis. They have also been shown to enhance synergistically various effects of gibberellins.

Abbreviations

CA(s)

catecholamine(s)

FW

fresh weight

dopa

3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine

DW

dry weight

TCL

thin cell layer

dicamba

3,6-dichloro-2-methoxybenzoic acid

GA

gibberellic acid

IAA

indoleacetic acid

cAMP

adenosine, 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate

ACC

1-aminocyclopropane-l-carboxylic acid.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. I. Kuklin
    • 1
  • B. V. Conger
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant and Soil ScienceUniversity of TennesseeKnoxvilleUSA

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