World Journal of Urology

, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 138–141 | Cite as

Neuromodulation of voiding dysfunction and pelvic pain

  • W. F. Thon
  • L. S. Baskin
  • U. Jonas
  • E. A. Tanagho
  • R. A. Schmidt


Neuromodulation of sacral roots provides an alternative mode of therapy for patients presenting with voiding dysfunctions and chronic pelvic pain. Physiologically, this is accomplished by intervention in the neuronal pathways of micturition via sacral nerve-root electrical stimulation. Preoperative evaluation using temporary percutaneous sacral root stimulation selects the patients who are most likely to benefit from permanent electrode implantation. To date, no evidence of peripheral nerve damage has been recorded. Our experience with >1500 percutaneous tests and 150 permanent foramen implant procedures documents the safety and efficacy of this technique.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. F. Thon
    • 1
  • L. S. Baskin
    • 2
  • U. Jonas
    • 1
  • E. A. Tanagho
    • 2
  • R. A. Schmidt
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of UrologyHannover Medical SchoolHannover 1Federal Republic of Germany
  2. 2.Department of UrologyUniversity of California School of MedicineSan FranciscoUSA

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