Journal of Molecular Medicine

, Volume 74, Issue 1, pp 1–12 | Cite as

IL-6 cytokine family and signal transduction: a model of the cytokine system

  • M. Hibi
  • K. Nakajima
  • T. Hirano
Review

Abstract

The interleukin 6 (IL-6) cytokine family, which includes IL-6, leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), oncostatin M (OSM), ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF), IL-11 and cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1), exhibits pleiotropy and redundancy in biological activities. The IL-6 family cytokines exhibit a helical structure. Their receptors belong to the type 1 cytokine receptor family. The receptors of the IL-6 family cytokines share a receptor subunit, which explains one of the mechanisms of functional redundancy. In this review, we describe the general features of the IL-6 cytokine family and its signal transduction mechanisms. Many functional properties of the IL-6 family of cytokines and their receptors are general features of the cytokine system.

Key words

IL-6 family Cytokine gp130 JAK STAT Signal transduction 

Abbreviations

IL-6

Interleukin 6

LIF

Leukemia inhibitory factor

OSM

Oncostatin M

CNTF

Ciliary neurotrophic factor

CT-1

Cardiotrophin-1

IFN

Interferon

G-CSF

Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor

GM-CSF

Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor

Epo

Erythropoietin

JAK

Janus kinase

STAT

Signal transducers and activators of transcription

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Hibi
    • 1
  • K. Nakajima
    • 1
  • T. Hirano
    • 1
  1. 1.Biomedical Research CenterOsaka University Medical SchoolOsakaJapan

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