Physics and Chemistry of Minerals

, Volume 19, Issue 2, pp 121–126 | Cite as

A combined temperature dependent57Fe Mössbauer and single crystal X-ray diffraction study of synthetic almandine: evidence for the Gol'danskii-Karyagin effect

  • C. A. Geiger
  • Th. Armbruster
  • G. A. Lager
  • K. Jiang
  • W. Lottermoser
  • G. Amthauer


Synthetic almandine garnet, Fe3Al2Si3O12, has been studied by temperature — dependent single crystal X-ray diffraction and57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy. The Fe2+ doublet in almandine is characterized by a small asymmetry between the high and low-velocity peaks that decreases in magnitude with decreasing temperature from 420 to 15 K. The X-ray results show that the Fe2+ cation is dynamically disordered with an anisotropic motion within the eight-coordinated site in garnet. The magnitudes of the X-ray determined mean-square-vibrational amplitudes of this motion parallel,x, and perpendicular,x, to the principle axes of the electric field gradient give a calculated angular dependence of the electric quadrupole interaction of theI1/2 toI3/2 transitions that agree with the experimentally measured peak ratios. This is the first recognition of anisotropic recoil free fraction of57Fe in silicates.


Electric Field Gradient Quadrupole Interaction Electric Quadrupole Almandine Motion Parallel 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. A. Geiger
    • 1
  • Th. Armbruster
    • 2
  • G. A. Lager
    • 3
  • K. Jiang
    • 4
  • W. Lottermoser
    • 4
  • G. Amthauer
    • 4
  1. 1.Bayerisches Geoinstitut, Universität BayreuthBayreuthFederal Republic of Germany
  2. 2.Laboratorium für chemische und mineralogische Kristallographie, Universität BernBernSwitzerland
  3. 3.Department of GeologyUniversity of LouisvilleLouisvilleUSA
  4. 4.Institut für Mineralogie, Universität SalzburgSalzburgAustria

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