Toxic elements and organochlorines in Harbor seals (Phoca vitulina richardsi), Kodiak, Alaska, USA

  • A. Keith Miles
  • Donald G. Calkins
  • Nancy C. Coon
Article

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anas RE (1974a) Heavy metals in the northern fur seal (Callorhinus ursinus) and harbor seal (Phoca vitulina richardsi). US Natl Mar Fish Serv Bull 72:133–137Google Scholar
  2. Anas RE (1974b) DDT plus PCB's in blubber of harbor seals. Pestic Monit J 8:12–14.Google Scholar
  3. Anas RE, Wilson Jr. AJ (1970) Organochlorine pesticides in fur seals. Pestic Monit J 3:198–200Google Scholar
  4. Braham HW, Everitt RD, Rugh DJ (1980) Northern sea lion population decline in the eastern Aleutian Islands. J Wildl Manage 44:25–33Google Scholar
  5. Delong RL, Gilmartin WG, Simpson JG (1973) Premature births in California sea lions: association with high organochlorine pollutant residue levels. Science 181:1168–1170Google Scholar
  6. Eisler R (1986) Polychlorinated biphenyl hazards to fish, wildlife, and invertebrates: a synoptic review. US Fish Wildl Serv Biol Rep 85Google Scholar
  7. Galster WR, Burns J (1972) Accumulation of pesticides in Alaskan marine mammals. Proc Alaska Sci Conf 23:50Google Scholar
  8. Goldblatt CJ, Anthony RG (1983) Heavy metals in northern fur seals (Callorhinus ursinus) from the Pribilof Islands, Alaska. J Environ Qual 12:478–482Google Scholar
  9. Haseltine SD, Heinz GH, Reichel WL, Moore JF (1981) Organochlorine and metal residues in eggs of waterfowl nesting on islands in Lake Michigan off Door County, Wisconsin, 1977–78. Pestic Monit J 15:90–97Google Scholar
  10. Krynitsky AJ (1987) Preparation of biological tissue for determination of arsenic and selenium by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Anal Chem 59:1884–1886Google Scholar
  11. MARC (1980) Environmental hazards of heavy metals: summary evaluation of lead, cadmium, and mercury. MARC Report 20. Monitoring and Assessment Research Center, Chelsea College, Univ. London, LondonGoogle Scholar
  12. Pitcher KW (1986) Variations in blubber thickness of harbor seals in southern Alaska. J Wildl Manage 50 (3):463–466Google Scholar
  13. Pitcher KW, Calkins DG (1979) Biology of the harbor seal (Phoca vitulina richardsi) in the Gulf of Alaska. US Dept Commerce, NOAA, OCSEAP Fnl Rpt 19(1983):231–310Google Scholar
  14. Ramprashad F, Ronald K (1977) A surface preparation study on the effect of methylmercury on the sensory hair cell population in the cochlea of the harp seal (Pagophilus groenlandicus Erxleben, 1977) Can J Zool 55:223–230Google Scholar
  15. Reijnders PJH (1980) Organochlorine and heavy metal residues in harbour seals from the Wadden Sea and their possible effects on reproduction. Neth J Sea Res 14:30–65Google Scholar
  16. Ronald K, Tessaro SV, Uthe JF, Freeman HC, Frank R (1977) Methylmercury poisoning in the harp seal (Pagophilus groenlandicus). Sci Tot Environ 8:1–11Google Scholar
  17. van de Ven WSM, Koeman JH (1979) Mercury and selenium in wild and experimental seals. Chemosphere 8:539–555Google Scholar
  18. Wagemann R, (1989) Comparison of heavy metals in two groups of ringed seals (Phoca hispida) from the Canadian Arctic. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 46:1558–1563Google Scholar
  19. Wagemann R, Muir DCG (1984) Concentrations of heavy metals in marine mammals of northern waters: overview and evaluation. Can Tech Rpt Fish & Aquat Sci 1279Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Keith Miles
    • 1
  • Donald G. Calkins
    • 2
  • Nancy C. Coon
    • 3
  1. 1.U.S. Fish and Wildlife ServicePatuxent Wildlife Research CenterLaurelUSA
  2. 2.Alaska Department of Fish and GameAnchorageUSA
  3. 3.U.S. Fish and Wildlife ServiceAtlantaUSA

Personalised recommendations