Investigational New Drugs

, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp 105–113 | Cite as

Mitoxantrone in combination with prednimustine in treatment of unfavorable non-Hodgkin lymphoma

  • Karl E. Landys
Clinical Studies


Mitoxantrone (Novantrone®) and prednimustine (Sterecyt®) are both active as single agents in the treatment of unfavorable non-Hodgkin lymphoma (UNHL). The efficacy and toxicity of the combination of these agents (NOSTE) was evaluated in 28 patients with advanced histopathologically proven UNHL who were not eligible for aggressive conventional chemotherapy. The median age was 68, range 45–84. Sixteen patients were previously untreated. Eleven patients had received doxorubicin or epidoxorubicin containing regimens and 1 patient had received CVP as first line therapy. MUGA scan was used in monitoring cardiac function in patients with cardiac risk. Novantrone® was administered at a dose of 8 mg/m2 IV on days 1 and 2 and Sterecyt® as an absolute dose 100 mg/≤ 1.6 m2–150 mg/> 1.6 m2 on days 1 through 5. The regimen was repeated every 4th week. The number of courses per patient ranged from 2 to 10. Objective response was obtained in 22 (78%) patients (20 CR and 2 PR). No response occurred in 6 patients (4 SD, 2 PD). Decreased left ventricular ejection fraction was recorded in 1 patient who suffered from asthma and ischemic heart disease. Hematological toxicity was tolerable. Gastrointestinal toxicity was rare. No hair loss was observed. After a median follow-up of 28 months the crude survival was 46%. Twelve of twenty complete responders are still in remission, the median duration of remission is 28.3 months, range 15–37.

NOSTE in this pilot study showed a high response rate, good tolerance and mild toxicity. NOSTE reduced the discomfort associated with conventional dose anthracycline-containing regimens and could be safely used in the treatment of elderly patients.

Key words

mitoxantrone prednimustine unfavorable non-Hodgkin lymhoma combination chemotherapy 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karl E. Landys
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of OncologySahlgren's HospitalGothenburgSweden

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