Mineralium Deposita

, Volume 27, Issue 4, pp 314–325 | Cite as

Geological, fluid inclusion and stable isotope studies of Mo mineralization, Galway Granite, Ireland

  • V. Gallagher
  • M. Feely
  • H. Högelsberger
  • G. R. T. Jenkin
  • A. E. Fallick


Mo mineralization within the Galway Granite at Mace Head and Murvey, Connemara, western Ireland, has many features of classic porphyry Mo deposits including a chemically evolved I-type granite host, associated K- and Si-rich alteration, quartz vein(Mace Head) and granite-hosted (Murvey) molybdenite, chalcopyrite, pyrite and magnetite mineralization and a gangue assemblage which includes quartz, muscovite and K-feldspar. Most fluid inclusions in quartz veins homogenize in the range 100–350°C and have a salinity of 1–13 eq. wt.% NaCl. They display Th-salinity covariation consistent with a hypothesis of dilution of magmatic water by influx of meteoric water. CO2-bearing inclusions in an intensely mineralized vein at Mace Head provide an estimated minimum trapping temperature and pressure for the mineralizing fluid of 355°C and 1.2 kb and are interpreted to represent a H2O-CO2 fluid, weakly enriched in Mo, produced in a magma chamber by decompression-activated unmixing from a dense Mo-bearing NaCl-H2O-CO2 fluid. δ34S values of most sulphides range from c. 0‰ at Murvey to 3–4‰ at Mace Head and are consistent with a magmatic origin. Most quartz vein samples have δ18O of 9–10.3‰ and were precipitated from a hydrothermal fluid with δ18O of 4.6–6.7‰. Some have δ18O of 6–7‰ and reflect introduction of meteoric water along vein margins. Quartz-muscovite oxygen isotope geothermometry combined with fluid inclusion data indicate precipitation of mineralized veins in the temperature range 360–450°C and between 1 and 2 kb. Whole rock granite samples display a clear δ18O-δD trend towards the composition of Connemara meteoric waters. The mineralization is interpreted as having been produced by highlyfractionated granite magma; meteoric water interaction postdates the main mineralizing event. The differences between the Mace Head and Murvey mineralizations reflect trapping of migrating mineralizing fluid in structural traps at Mace Head and precipitation of mineralization in the granite itself at Murvey.


Fluid Inclusion Meteoric Water Quartz Vein Structural Trap Mineralizing Fluid 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Gallagher
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. Feely
    • 3
  • H. Högelsberger
    • 3
  • G. R. T. Jenkin
    • 4
  • A. E. Fallick
    • 4
  1. 1.Geological Survey of IrelandDublin
  2. 2.Geology DepartmentUniversity CollegeCork
  3. 3.Geology DepartmentUniversity CollegeGalwayIreland
  4. 4.SURRC, East KilbrideGlasgowScotland

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