Geologische Rundschau

, Volume 84, Issue 1, pp 213–219

Sedimentological proof and dating of the Early Holocene volcanic eruption of Ulmener Maar (Vulkaneifel, Germany)

  • B. Zolitschka
  • J. F. W. Negendank
  • B. G. Lottermoser
Original Paper

Abstract

A minerogeniclayer occurs in early postglacial organic sediments from five maar lakes (West Eifel Volcanic Field, Germany). The mineralogy and stratigraphic position of this tephra suggests that it is related to the youngest German volcano, Ulmener Maar, nearby. Radiocarbon dating of wood from the base of the Ulmener Maar Tephra at two locations provide ages in agreement with an accelerator mass spectrometer 14C date for the minerogenic layer from sediments of Lake Holzmaar situated 13 km south-west of Ulmener Maar. The mean radiocarbon age is 9 560 years BP. Dating by varve chronology provides an age of 10017 years VT (varve time in years before 1950) or 10 895 years corrected VT. Based on palynology the Ulmener Maar Tephra was deposited at the end of the Preboreal. High values of natural remnant magnetization intensity, typical of pyroclastic material, confirm that this minerogenic layer differs in composition from other clastic deposits of the sedimentary record. Geochemical analyses reveal increased values of total trace elements for the Laacher See Tephra and Ulmener Maar Tephra. An isopach map based on thickness variations of the Ulmener Maar Tephra at five investigated maar lakes indicates that the tephra was mainly transported to the south west.

Key words

Sediments Varves Tephra layers Radiocarbon dating Geochemistry Palaeomagnetics Volcanism Holocene Westeifel (Germany) 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bogaard P, Schmincke HU (1985) Laacher See Tephra: a widespread isochronous late Quaternary tephra layer in central and northern Europe. Geol Soc Am Bull 96: 1554–1571Google Scholar
  2. Büchel G (1984) Die Maare im Vulkanfeld der Westeifel, ihr geophysikalischer Nachweis, ihr Alter and ihre Beziehung zur Tektonik der Erdkruste. Unveröff Diss Univ Mainz, 385 pp ]Google Scholar
  3. Büchel G (1993) Maars of the Westeifel. In: Negendank JFW, Zolitschka B (eds) Paleolimnology of European Maar Lakes. Lecture Notes in Earth Sci 49: 1–14Google Scholar
  4. Büchel G, Lorenz V (1982) Zuni Alter des Maarvulkanismus der Westeifel. N Jb Geol Palaontol Abh 163: 1–22Google Scholar
  5. Erlenkeuser H, Frechen J, Straka H, Willkomm H (1972) Das Alter einiger Eifelmaare nach neuen petrologischen, pollenanalytischen und Radiocarbon-Untersuchungen. Dechenania 125: 113–129Google Scholar
  6. Fisher RV, Schmincke HU (1984) Pyroclastic Rocks. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, 472 ppGoogle Scholar
  7. Hajdas I (1993) Extension of the radiocarbon calibration curve by AMS dating of laminated sediments of Lake Soppensee and Lake Holzmaar. Diss ETH-Zurich Nr 10157, 147 ppGoogle Scholar
  8. Hajdas I, Zolitschka B, Ivy S, Beer J, Bonani G, Negendank JFW. AMS radiocarbon dating of annually laminated sediments from Lake Holzmaar, Germany. Boreas, in pressGoogle Scholar
  9. Haverkamp B (1991) Paläomagnetische Untersuchungen an spät-quartären Maarseesedimenten zur Paläosäkularvariation im Gebiet der Westeifel während der letzten 20–25000 Jahre. Unveröff Diss Univ Münster, 235 ppGoogle Scholar
  10. Jungerius PD, Riezebos PA, Slotboom RT (1968) The age of Eifel maars as shown by the presence of Laacher See ash of Alleröd age. Geol Mijnb 47: 199–205Google Scholar
  11. Juvigné E (1980) Revision de Page de volcans de l'Eifel occidental. Z Geomorph NF 24: 345–355Google Scholar
  12. Juvigné E, Boenigk W, Brunnacker K, Duchesne JC, Windheuser H (1988) Zur Schlotfüllung des Hinkelsmaares (Eifel, Deutschland): Alter und Genese. N Jb Geol Palaontol Mh 9: 544–562Google Scholar
  13. Kromer B, Becker B (1992) Tree ring 14C calibration at 10000 BP. In: Bard E, Broecker WS (eds) The Last Deglaciation: Absolute and Radiocarbon Chronologies. NATO ASI Series Vol I, 2: 3–11Google Scholar
  14. Lorenz V, Buchel G (1980) Zur Vulkanologie der Maare und Schlackenkegel der Westeifel. Mitt Pollichia 68: 29–100Google Scholar
  15. Lottermoser BG, Oberhänsli R, Zolitschka B, Negendank JFW, Schütz U, Boenecke J (1993) Environmental geology and geochemistry of lake sediments (Holzmaar, Eifel, Germany). In: Negendank JFW, Zolitschka B (eds) Paleolimnology of European Maar Lakes. Lecture Notes in Earth Sci 49: 305–316Google Scholar
  16. Merkt J, Müffler H, Knabe W, Müller P, Weiser T (1993) The early Holocene Saksunarvatn tephra found in lake sediments in NW Germany. Boreas 22: 93–100Google Scholar
  17. Mertes H (1983) Aufbau und Genese des Westeifeler Vulkanfeldes. Bochumer geol geotechn Arb 9: 415 ppGoogle Scholar
  18. Mertes H, Schmincke HU (1985) Mafic potassic lavas of the Quaternary West Eifel volcanic field. 1. Major and trace elements. Contrib Mineral Petrol 89: 330–345Google Scholar
  19. Negendank JFW (1984) Die Untersuchung der Schwerminerale der Seesedimente des Meerfelder Maares und des „Laacher BimsTuffes” in den Sedimenten des Meerfelder Maares, des Hinkelsmaares und der Hitsche. Cour Forsch-Inst Senckenberg 65: 41–47Google Scholar
  20. Negendank JFW (1989) Pleistozäne und Holozäne Maarseesedimente der Eifel. Z Dtsch Geol Ges 140: 13–24Google Scholar
  21. Negendank JFW Zolitschka B (1993) Maars and maar lakes of the Westeifel Volcanic Field. In: Negendank JFW, Zolitschka B (eds) Paleolimnology of European Maar Lakes. Lecture Notes in Earth Sci 49: 61–80Google Scholar
  22. Negendank JFW, Brauer A, Zolitschka B (1990) Die Eifelmaare als erdgeschichtliche Fallen und Quellen zur Rekonstruktion des Paläoenvironments. Mainzer Geowiss Mitt 19: 235–262Google Scholar
  23. Self S, Kienle J, Huot JP (1980) Ukinrek Maars, Alaska, II. Deposits and formation of the 1977 craters. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 7: 39–65Google Scholar
  24. Straka H (1975) Die spätquartäre Vegetationsgeschichte der Vulkaneifel. Beitr Landespfl Rheinl-Pfalz Beih 3: 163 ppGoogle Scholar
  25. Wörner G, Schmincke HU (1984) Mineralogical and chemical zonation of the Laacher See Tephra sequence (East Eifel, W. Germany). J Petrol 25: 805–835Google Scholar
  26. Zolitschka B (1986) Warvenchronologie des Meerfelder Maares. Unveröff Diplom-Arb Univ Trier, 119 ppGoogle Scholar
  27. Zolitschka B (1990) Spätquartärejahreszeitlich geschichtetc Seesedimente ausgewählter Eifelmaare. Doe Nat 60: 226 ppGoogle Scholar
  28. Zolitschka B (1991) Absolute dating of late-Quateernary lacustrine sediments by high resolution varve chronology. Hydrobiology 214: 59–61Google Scholar
  29. Zolitschka B (1992) Human history recorded in the annually laminated sediments of Lake Holzmaar, Eifel Mountains, Germany. Spec Paper Geol Surv Finland 14: 17–24Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Zolitschka
    • 1
  • J. F. W. Negendank
    • 2
  • B. G. Lottermoser
    • 3
  1. 1.Fachbereich V1, GeologieUniversität TrierTrierGermany
  2. 2.GeoForschungsZentrum and Universität PotsdamPotsdamGermany
  3. 3.Department of Geology and GeophysicsUniversity of New EnglandArmidaleAustralia

Personalised recommendations