Leaching of heavy metals (Cr, Fe, and Ni) from stainless steel utensils in food simulants and food materials

  • R. Kumar
  • P. K. Srivastava
  • S. P. Srivastava


Heavy Metal Waste Water Stainless Steel Water Management Water Pollution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Brittin Helen C, Nossaman, Cheryl E (1986) Iron content of food cooked in iron utensils. J Am Diet Assoc 86: 897–901Google Scholar
  2. Buhler DR (1973) Environmental contamination by toxic metals, heavy metals in environment: Seminar Conducted by Water Resources Research Institute, Oregan.Google Scholar
  3. EHC, Nickel (1991), WHO, Geneva, 108Google Scholar
  4. Inoue I, Ishiwala H and Yoshihira K (1988) Aluminium levels in food-simulating solvents and various food cooked in Alpans. J Agric Food Chem 36: 599–601Google Scholar
  5. Joel Kuligowski and Kopal M Halperin (1992) Stainless steel cookware as a significant source of Ni, Cr and Fe. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 23: 211–215Google Scholar
  6. Krishnamurti CR, Vishwanathan Pushpa (1991) Toxic metals in Indian environment. Pub. Tata MC Graw Hill Publishing Co. Ltd., New Delhi, India.Google Scholar
  7. Mosironi R (1973) International Studies on Trace Elements in etiology of cardiovascular diseases. Nutr Rep Int 7: 51–59.Google Scholar
  8. Offenbacher Esther, G Pi-sunyer, F Xavier (1983) Temperature and pH effects on the release of Cr from stainless steel into water and fruit juices. J Agric Food Chem 31: 89–92Google Scholar
  9. Ohkubo Noboru, Kato Takashi, Koshiola Kyoko, Miyazaki Genichi (1983) Dissolution of Cr from stainlesssteel tablewares. Hokuriku Koshu Eisei Gakkaishi 10: 22–23.Google Scholar
  10. O'Neill NC, Tanner MS (1989) Uptake of Cu from brass vessels by bovine milk and its relevance to Indian Childhood Cirrhosis. J Pediatr Gastrointerol Nutr 9: 167–172Google Scholar
  11. Reilly C (1985) The dietary significance of adventitious Fe, Zn, Cu and Pb in domestically prepared food. Food Additives and Contaminant 2: 209–215Google Scholar
  12. Stoewsand GS, Stanner JR, Kosikowski FV, Morse RA, Bache CA and Lisk DJ (1979) Cr and Ni in acidic food and by product contacting stainless steel during processing. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 21: 600–603.Google Scholar
  13. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (1991) Toxicological profile for nickel, Agency for toxic substances and disease Registry, Atlanta, Georgia.Google Scholar
  14. Van-Schoor O, Deelstra H (1986) The influence of home preparation and eating habits on daily Cr intake. Trace Elem Anal Chem Med Biol Proc Int Workshop 4th (Pub 1987, 165–168)Google Scholar
  15. Venugopal B and Luekey TD (1978) Metal toxicity in mamnals II. Chemical toxicity of metals and metalloids. Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Kumar
    • 1
  • P. K. Srivastava
    • 1
  • S. P. Srivastava
    • 1
  1. 1.Industrial Toxicology Research CentreLucknowIndia

Personalised recommendations