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GeoJournal

, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 5–14 | Cite as

Biomass for energy in developing countries

  • Hall D. O. 
  • Moss Patricia A. 
Rural Energy in the Third World

Abstract

Biomass, like fossil fuels, can provide cooking and heating energy, electricity, chemicals and liquid fuels. Today about 14% of the worldwide primary energy supply is provided by biomass resources — equivalent to 1000 million tons oil each year. Most of this biomass use occurs in rural areas of developing countries where half the world's population lives. For example Kenya derives about 75%, India 50%, China 33% and Brazil 25% of their total energy from biomass, A number of industrialized countries also derive a considerable amount of energy from biomass, such as Finland 18%, Ireland 16%, Sweden 9% and USA 3%. World ependiture on biomass programmes exceeds S 2 bn/yr; several natioal biomass energy programmes are discussed. Biomass resources and conversion technologies are described, as are the factors necessary for successful regional implementation of biomass energy schemes.

Keywords

Biomass India Rural Area Total Energy Fossil Fuel 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hall D. O. 
    • 1
  • Moss Patricia A. 
    • 1
  1. 1.King's College, LondonLondonEngland

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