Mineralium Deposita

, Volume 30, Issue 2, pp 124–134 | Cite as

The carbonates of the Transvaal and Griqualand West sequences of the Kaapvaal craton, with special reference to the Lime Acres limestone deposit

  • W. Altermann
  • J. McD. Wotherspoon


The Campbell Group carbonates were deposited in a basin transgressing from southwest to the east and to northeast. At the southwestern margin of the Kaapvaal craton, in Griqualand West, mainly tidal flat carbonates and shallow marine deposits are found to be followed by subtidal carbonates marking the slow transgression. North of the Griquatown Fault, where the center of the Griqualand West sub-basin developed, continuous subsidence matched by stromatolitic carbonate growth, led to accumulation of the thickest carbonate pile (> 2000 m). There, the largest limestone deposits of South Africa are located. The deposit at Lime Acres and mining operations of the PPC Lime Ltd. are described and discussed in respect to diagenetic processes that permitted limestone preservation.


Group Carbonate Marine Deposit Diagenetic Process Shallow Marine Kaapvaal Craton 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Altermann
    • 1
  • J. McD. Wotherspoon
    • 2
  1. 1.IAAG, Ludwig-Maximilians-UniversitätMünchenGermany
  2. 2.PPC Lime LimitedLime AcresSouth Africa

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