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Surgical Endoscopy

, Volume 10, Issue 5, pp 485–489 | Cite as

Gastrointestinal recovery following laparoscopic vs open colon surgery

  • M. Hotokezaka
  • J. Dix
  • E. P. Mentis
  • J. S. Minasi
  • B. D. Schirmer
Original Articles

Abstract

Background: We prospectively studied the recovery of gastrointestinal motility in patients undergoing laparoscopic (LAP, n=7) or open (OPEN, n=7) colon resections.

Methods: At operation, bipolar recording electrodes were placed on the proximal and distal antrum, the proximal site of the colonic anastomosis, and the rectosigmoid for postoperative myoelectric recordings.

Results: Shorter postoperative hospitalization and earlier resumption of a regular diet of the LAP group just barely failed to achieve significant differences when compared with the OPEN group (p=0.091, p=0.050, respectively). There were no differences between groups for slow wave frequency, amplitude, or dysrhythmias in the antrum, nor for return of discrete (DERA) and continuous (CERA) electrical response activity in the colon. Percentage of slow waves with spike activity tended to increase with passage of time postoperatively in both groups. There was a significant difference between POD 3 and 7+ in the LAP group (p<0.05). However, there were no significant differences in the percentage of slow waves with spike activities between groups on any postoperative day.

Conclusions: The potential benefits of using a laparoscopic approach to colon resection are not clearly confirmed by these data. While such an approach may possibly result in shorter hospitalization, it appears to offer at best only modest increases in the rapidity of recovery of gastrointestinal function.

Key words

Laparoscopy Colon surgery Gastrointestinal motility Postoperative ileus 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Hotokezaka
    • 1
  • J. Dix
    • 1
  • E. P. Mentis
    • 1
  • J. S. Minasi
    • 1
  • B. D. Schirmer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryUniversity of Virginia Health Sciences CenterCharlottesvilleUSA

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