The concept of “space” is one of the most fundamental of geographical concepts. There is no work in geography that does not certain it. Nevertheless, geography has not as yet formulated an explicit and unambiguous definition of geographical space. This fact has had negative consequences for geographical theory, methodology and application. In the effort of contributing to its elimination we will try to outline the basic connotations of the concept.
The concept of “geographical space” is a relational one. It acquires meaning and sense only when related to other concepts. The concept of “space” may be conceived as a supplement to things, i.e. substantively conceived objects. Space conceived in this way is the synonym of emptiness. The concept of “space” may be also conceived in relation ti individual landscape elements as their “environments”. Space conceived in this way has the character of a field of force. And, finally, space may be conceived also with respect to the totality of landscape elements, i.e. the system expressed by the term “synergic”. It is only this third variant of space which should be understood as the “geographical space” in the full menaing of the term. It is only this conception of geographical space as the space filled with qualities in relations and proportions that is considered as one of the basic prerequisites for the formulation of the theory of geography as science capable of prediction and thus also of practical utilization.
KeywordsEnvironmental Management Basic Prerequisite Practical Utilization Landscape Element Geographical Space
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Armand, D.L.: Nauka o landschafte. Moskva, Mysl 1975.Google Scholar
- Gurevič, A.J.: Kategórie stredovekej kultúry. Praha, Mladá fronta 1978.Google Scholar
- Haggett, P., Chorley, R.J.: Network Analysis in Geography. London, E. Arnold 1969.Google Scholar
- Harvey, D.: Explanation in Geography. London, E. Arnold 1970.Google Scholar
- Körner, S.: Experience and Theory. New York, Jumanity press 1966.Google Scholar
- Lévi-Strauss: La pensué sauvage. Paris, Libraire Plon 1962.Google Scholar
- Mazúr, E.: Geography of Today and Its Perspectives. Geografický časopis 20, 3, 201–212 (1968)Google Scholar
- Mazúr, E., Drdoš, J., Urbánek, J.: Geography and the Changing World. Geografický časopis 32, 2–3, 97–108 (1980)Google Scholar
- Neef, E.: Die theoretischen Grundlagen der Landschaftslehre. Leipzig, Gotha 1967.Google Scholar
- Reichenbach, H.: The Philosophy of Space and Time. New York, Dover 1957.Google Scholar
- Schmithüsen, J.: Grundlagen der Landschaftskunde. Allgemeine Geosynergetik. Berlin-New York, Walter de Gruyter 1976.Google Scholar
- Sočava, V.B.: Vedenije v učenije o geosistemach. Novosibirsk 1978.Google Scholar
- Urbá!nek, J., Mazúr, E., Drdoš, J.: The Search for the New way of the Landscape Study. Geografický časopis 32, 2–3, 108–119 (1980)Google Scholar
- Vidal de la Blache: Das Prinzip der Allgemeinen Geographie. In: Wege der Forschung, Band CCIC, Darmstadt 1975.Google Scholar
- Wartofsky, M.W.: Conceptual Foundation of Scientific Thought. New York-London, Macmillan 1968.Google Scholar