Indo-Iranian Journal

, Volume 19, Issue 3–4, pp 247–265 | Cite as

The assimilation of Dravidian loans to Konkani phonological and morphological patterns

  • Rocky V. Miranda


After briefly reviewing the status of Konkani in the Dravidian area, and the extent of Dravidian influence on this Indo-Aryan language, the assimilation of Dravidian loan words to Konkani phonological and morphological patterns is examined in detail. In the process of accommodation, Dravidian loanwords have undergone various phonological modifications (such as syncope, apocope, vowel rounding, vowel raising, vowel lowering, palatalization, depalatalization, gemination, and degemination). They have undergone also various morphological modifications in order to adjust to a considerably different system of morphological classes and inflectional patterns. Finally, certain sociolinguistic factors are pointed out which might have enabled Konkani phonological and morphological patterns to withstand the pressures of the massive influx of Dravidian loans.


Morphological Pattern Morphological Modification Massive Influx Morphological Classis Loan Word 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bhat, M. M. and A. S. Kedilaya, Tulu-English Dictionary, University of Madras, Madras 1967.Google Scholar
  2. Bright, W., ‘Dravidian Metaphony’, Language 42 (1966), 311–322.Google Scholar
  3. Census of India 1961, Vol. 1: India. Vol. 7: Kerala. Vol. 10: Maharashtra. Delhi: Office of the Registrar General.Google Scholar
  4. Census of India 1971, Mysore. Delhi: Office of the Registrar General.Google Scholar
  5. Ghatage, A. M., A Survey of Marathi Dialects, 1. Konkani of South Kanara, The State Board for Literature and Culture, Bombay 1963.Google Scholar
  6. Gumperz, J. J. and R. Wilson, ‘Convergence and Creolization: A Case from the Indo-Aryan/Dravidian Border’. Pidginization and Creolization of Languages, ed. by Dell Hymes, Cambridge University Press, London 1971.Google Scholar
  7. Katre, S. M., The Formation of Konkani, Karnatak Printing Press, Dharwar 1942.Google Scholar
  8. Kittel, F., A Kannada-English Dictionary. Second edition, revised and enlarged by M. M. Bhat, 1968–71, University of Madras, Madras 1894.Google Scholar
  9. Menezes, S., Konkani-Inglish Shabdsangraha(Konkani-English Vocaabulary), Codiyalbail Press, Mangalore 1967.Google Scholar
  10. Nadkarni, M. V., ‘Bilingualism and Syntactic Change in Konkani’, Language 51 (1975), 672–683.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rocky V. Miranda
    • 1
  1. 1.University of MinnesotaMinnesotaUSA

Personalised recommendations