Journal of Biomolecular NMR

, Volume 5, Issue 4, pp 383–396 | Cite as

Manifestation of intramolecular motions on pico- and nanosecond time scales in 1H−15N NMR relaxation: Analysis of dynamic models of one- and two-helical subunits of bacterioopsin

  • Konstantine V. Pervushin
  • Vladislav Yu. Orekhov
  • Dmitry M. Korzhnev
  • Alexander S. Arseniev
Research Papers

Summary

The influence of the internal dynamics of two polypeptides comprising transmembrane α-helix A or two α-helices A and B of bacterioopsin on experimentally accessible 15N NMR relaxation rates was investigated by molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, combined with more simple mechanic considerations. ‘Model-free’ order parameters and correlation times of internal motions [Lipari, G. and Szabo, A. (1982) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 104, 4546–4559] were calculated for these models. It was found that both peptides exhibit two types of internal motions of the amide bonds, on the pico- and nanosecond time scales, affecting 15N NMR relaxation. The fast fluctuations are local and correspond to the librational motions of the individual N−H vectors in an effective potential of atoms of the surrounding matrix. In contrast, the motions on the nanosecond time scale imply concerted collective vibrations of a large number of atoms and could be represented as bending oscillation of α-helices, strongly overdamped by the ambient solvent. A few other molecular mechanisms of slow internal motion were found, such as local distortions of the α-helices (e.g., α-aneurysm), delocalized distortions of the α-helical backbone, as well as oscillations of the tilt angle between the axes of the α-helices A and B. The results are compared with 15N NMR relaxation data measured for the (1–36)bacterioopsin and (1–71)bacterioopsin polypeptides in chloroform-methanol (1:1) and in SDS micelles [Orekhov, V.Yu., Pervushin, K.V. and Arseniev, A.S. (1994) Eur. J. Biochem., 219, 887–896].

Keywords

Molecular dynamics simulation Heteronuclear Micelles Bacterioopsin Spatial structure Helix-helix interaction Relaxation Membrane proteins 

Abbreviations

C2

baeterioopsin-(7–63)-peptide

sA

bacterioopsin-(7–32)-peptide

CPMG

Carr-Purcell-Meiboom-Gill

MD

molecular dynamics

rmsd

root-mean-square deviation

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Copyright information

© ESCOM Science Publishers B.V 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Konstantine V. Pervushin
    • 1
  • Vladislav Yu. Orekhov
    • 1
  • Dmitry M. Korzhnev
    • 1
  • Alexander S. Arseniev
    • 1
  1. 1.Shemyakin and Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic ChemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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